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Mertensia longiflora
LONG BLUEBELLS

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: MertensiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BLUEBELL
Habit: Perennial herb, generally from taprooted, branched caudex; glabrous to spreading-hairy. Stem: +- erect. Leaf: cauline and generally basal, alternate, generally petioled, upper generally sessile. Inflorescence: generally panicle- or raceme-like cymes; bracts 0. Flower: calyx generally deep-lobed; corolla often +- cylindric or bell-shaped, blue, generally pink in bud, tube generally well developed, exceeding calyx, abruptly expanded at throat, with or without ring of inner hairs, appendages present or not; filaments often +- flat, generally attached +- below appendages, anthers included. Fruit: nutlets generally wrinkled, attached near or below middle.
Species In Genus: +- 50 species: North America, temperate Eurasia. Etymology: (F.C. Mertens, German botanist, plant collector, 1764--1831) Note: Hybrids common; identification sometimes difficult, especially in MP.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley & Elaine Joyal

Mertensia longiflora Greene
NATIVE
Habit: Plant generally < 4 dm from tuber-like root, glabrous to +- strigose. Stem: generally 1--2, easily detached. Leaf: basal rare on flowering plants; cauline few, generally sessile, generally 1.5--4 × longer than wide, lateral veins obscure. Inflorescence: +- panicle-like, dense. Flower: calyx 3--6 mm; corolla 15--25 mm, limb 0.3--0.5(0.6) × tube, tube >> calyx, glabrous inside, appendaged; filaments wide, > anthers; style +- included.
Ecology: Open, generally spring-moist, drying places of plains, foothills, especially with sagebrush or sparse ponderosa-pine forest; Elevation: 1500--2200 m. Bioregional Distribution: MP; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Montana. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley & Elaine Joyal
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Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Citation for this treatment: Ronald B. Kelley & Elaine Joyal 2016. Mertensia longiflora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33331, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.


Mertensia longiflora
click for enlargement
© 2005 Christopher L. Christie
Mertensia longiflora
click for enlargement
© 2005 Christopher L. Christie
Mertensia longiflora
click for enlargement
© 2005 Christopher L. Christie
Mertensia longiflora
click for enlargement
© 2005 Christopher L. Christie
Mertensia longiflora
click for enlargement
© 2005 Christopher L. Christie
Mertensia longiflora
click for enlargement
© 2005 Christopher L. Christie

More photos of Mertensia longiflora in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Mertensia longiflora:
MP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.