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Vascular Plants of California
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Menziesia ferruginea

Higher Taxonomy
Family: EricaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4--5, generally free; petals generally (0)4--5, free or fused; stamens (2--5)8--10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1--5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
Genera In Family: +- 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. Note: Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: MenziesiaView Description 

Habit: Shrub, branches straggling. Stem: bark finely shredding. Leaf: alternate, often crowded toward branch tips, deciduous, papery, elliptic, flat-brown-hairy on midrib abaxially, margin rolled under in bud. Inflorescence: terminal, umbel-like; pedicel spreading-downcurved, bud scales light brown, early-deciduous. Flower: +- bilateral, sepals 4[5], fused 3/4; petals 4[5], fused; stamens 5[8,10], anthers dehiscing by short slits, unawned; ovary superior, chambers 4[5], placentas axile. Fruit: capsule, septicidal, dehiscing tip to base. Seed: many, small, fusiform.
Species In Genus: 4--5 species: temperate Asia, America. Etymology: (A. Menzies, naturalist on Vancouver expedition, 1754--1842)
eFlora Treatment Author: Kathleen A. Kron
Menziesia ferruginea Sm.
Habit: Herbage glabrous to flat-brown-hairy and/or glandular-hairy. Stem: sprawling to erect, 1--4 m. Leaf: 1.5--4 cm, tip mucronate, margins glandular-ciliate. Inflorescence: terminal on last years shoots, occasionally appearing axillary; pedicel straightening in fruit. Flower: corolla 6--7(13) mm, urn-shaped to +- spheric, +- yellow to orange-bronze, lobes short. Fruit: < 8 mm wide, valves 4. Seed: many, elongate, often with short tails, coat loose.
Ecology: Moist woodland, generally acidic or peaty soils; Elevation: < 300 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, KR, NCoRO; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Montana, Wyoming; Alabama. Flowering Time: Jun--Jul
Jepson eFlora Author: Kathleen A. Kron
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Botanical illustration including Menziesia ferruginea

botanical illustration including Menziesia ferruginea


Citation for this treatment: Kathleen A. Kron 2012, Menziesia ferruginea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 22, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 22, 2019.

Menziesia ferruginea
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Menziesia ferruginea
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Menziesia ferruginea
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Menziesia ferruginea
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson

More photos of Menziesia ferruginea in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Menziesia ferruginea:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.