Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Menodora scabra
ROUGH MENODORA

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OleaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: OLIVE FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb to tree [vine], hairs 0 or peltate or not; rarely dioecious. Leaf: simple to odd-pinnately compound, alternate or generally opposite, deciduous or evergreen; stipules 0. Inflorescence: various; flowers >= 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; calyx generally minute (0), tube cup-shaped, lobes 4--15; petals (0)4--6(8), generally fused; nectar disk often present; stamens (0)2(4--5), epipetalous; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 2, each 2--4 ovuled, placenta axile, style 1, stigma generally 2-lobed. Fruit: drupe, capsule, or winged achene. Seed: 1 per chamber.
Genera In Family: +- 25 genera, 900 species: +- worldwide; some cultivated for ornamental (Forsythia; Jasminum, jasmine; Ligustrum, privet; Syringa, lilac) or food (Olea, olive).
eFlora Treatment Author: Family description, key to genera by Thomas J. Rosatti; treatment of genera by James Henrickson, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: MenodoraView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb to shrub. Leaf: simple, opposite or alternate, sessile or short-petioled, entire to lobed, prominently 1-veined below. Inflorescence: axillary cluster or terminal compound cyme. Flower: bisexual; calyx persistent, lobes (4)5--10(12), +- linear; corolla +- rotate or funnel-shaped, lobes (4)5(8); style slender, stigma head-like, +- 2-lobed. Fruit: papery capsule, deeply 2-lobed to near base. Seed: 2--4[8].
Species In Genus: +- 23 species: America, southern Africa. Etymology: (Greek: gift of force, for sustenance provided to horses of Humboldt and Bonpland in Mexico)
eFlora Treatment Author: Timothy Chumley

Menodora scabra A. Gray
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb to subshrub, broom-like, (1.5)2--4(5) dm. Stem: 2--many from woody base, ascending to erect, angled in ×-section, +- glabrous to densely scabrous, unarmed. Leaf: basal-most 2--4 nodes opposite, becoming alternate distally, grading into alternate leaf-like bracts in inflorescence, sessile or +- petioled, (3)10--45(60) mm, linear to ovate or obovate, +- glabrous to scabrous. Inflorescence: terminal, compound cyme. Flower: calyx generally densely scabrous, lobes (4)5--10(12), (1)2.6--5(10) mm, linear; corolla opening in evening, often scented, yellow, generally red in bud, tube 3--6 mm, lobes (4)5--6, (4)5--8(10) mm, oblong or obovate; anthers yellow; stigma exserted. Fruit: circumscissile, (4)5--7(8) mm, glabrous. Seed: generally 4, 4--6 mm, obovate, generally 3-sided in ×-section, spongy; seed coat deeply netted. Chromosomes: 2n=22,44.

eFlora Treatment Author: Timothy Chumley
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Menodora
Next taxon: Menodora scabra var. glabrescens

Name Search

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Timothy Chumley 2016. Menodora scabra, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33188, accessed on February 06, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 06, 2016.


Menodora scabra var. scabra
click for enlargement
© 2012 James M. Andre
Menodora scabra var. glabrescens
click for enlargement
© 2004 James M. Andre
Menodora scabra var. glabrescens
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Menodora scabra var. glabrescens
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre
Menodora scabra
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre
Menodora scabra
click for enlargement
© 2004 James M. Andre

More photos of Menodora scabra in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Menodora scabra:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.