Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon


Melilotus indicus
SOURCLOVER


Higher Taxonomy
Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: LEGUME FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree. Leaf: generally alternate, generally compound, generally stipuled, generally entire, pinnately veined Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, umbel or head; or flowers 1--few in axils. Flower: generally bisexual, generally bilateral; hypanthium 0 or flat to tubular; sepals generally 5, generally fused; petals generally 5, free, fused, or lower 2 +- united into keel (see 3, Key to Groups, for banner, wings); stamens 10 or many (or [1], 5, 6, 7, 9), free or fused or 10 with 9 filaments at least partly fused, 1 (uppermost) free; pistil 1, ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, ovules 1--many, style, stigma 1. Fruit: legume, including a stalk-like base (above receptacle) or not. Seed: 1--many, often +- reniform, generally hard, smooth.
Genera In Family: +- 730 genera, 19400 species: worldwide; with grasses, requisite in agriculture, most natural ecosystems. Many cultivated, most importantly Arachis, peanut; Glycine, soybean; Phaseolus, beans; Medicago, alfalfa; Trifolium, clovers; many orns. Note: Unless stated otherwise, fruit length including stalk-like base, number of 2° leaflets is per 1° leaflet. Upper suture of fruit adaxial, lower abaxial. Anthyllis vulneraria L. evidently a waif, a contaminant of legume seed from Europe. Laburnum anagyroides Medik., collected on Mount St. Helena in 1987, may be naturalized. Ceratonia siliqua L., carob tree (Group 2), differs from Gleditsia triacanthos L. in having evergreen (vs deciduous) leaves that are 1-pinnate (vs 1-pinnate on spurs on old stems, 2-pinnate on new stems) with 2--5(8) (vs 7--17) 1° leaflets, commonly cultivated, now naturalized in southern California. Aeschynomene rudis Benth. , Halimodendron halodendron (Pall.) Voss (possibly extirpated), Lens culinaris Medik. are agricultural weeds. Caragana arborescens Lam. only cult. Ononis alopecuroides L. , Sphaerophysa salsula (Pall.) DC. all evidently extirpated. Cercidium moved to Parkinsonia; Chamaecytisus to Cytisus; Psoralidium lanceolatum to Ladeania.
eFlora Treatment Author: Martin F. Wojciechowski, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Martin F. Wojciechowski, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: MelilotusView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: SWEETCLOVER
Habit: Annual, biennial, unarmed. Stem: generally erect. Leaf: odd-1-pinnate; stipules generally narrow or bristle-like, bases fused to petiole; leaflets 3, margin toothed or wavy. Inflorescence: raceme, axillary or terminal, slender or short-cylindric, many-flowered. Flower: calyx lobes +- equal; corolla yellow or white; 9 filaments fused, 1 free. Fruit: indehiscent, 2--4 mm, ovate, compressed but thick, leathery, bumpy or not, ridges transverse to finely net-like. Seed: 1--2.
Species In Genus: 20 species: temperate Europe, especially Mediterranean, subtropical Asia, northern Africa, widely introduced, naturalized; several species widely cultivated for forage, green manure, soil improvement. Etymology: (Greek: honey-lotus) Toxicity: TOXIC: inclusion in hay enhances production of mold toxins that may cause cattle death.
eFlora Treatment Author: Kelly Steele & Duane Isely
Unabridged Reference: Stevenson 1969 Can J Pl Sci 49:1--20
Melilotus indicus (L.) All.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Annual, +- glabrous. Stem: spreading or erect, 1--6 dm. Leaf: leaflets 1--2.5 cm, oblanceolate to wedge-shaped-obovate, generally sharply dentate. Inflorescence: slender, compact; axis generally 1--2 cm when flowers open. Flower: calyx 1--1.5 mm; corolla 2.5--3 mm, yellow. Fruit: 2--3 mm, bumpy or with faint lines. Seed: 1. Chromosomes: 2n=16.
Ecology: Open, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 1700 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA, more common s; Distribution Outside California: to southern Oregon, southeastern United States; native to Mediterranean. Flowering Time: Apr--Oct
Synonyms: Melilotus indica, orth. var.
Jepson eFlora Author: Kelly Steele & Duane Isely
Unabridged Reference: Stevenson 1969 Can J Pl Sci 49:1--20
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Melilotus albus
Next taxon: Melilotus officinalis

Name Search

Botanical illustration including Melilotus indicus

botanical illustration including Melilotus indicus

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Kelly Steele & Duane Isely 2012, Melilotus indicus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=33149, accessed on May 22, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on May 22, 2019.

Melilotus indicus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Melilotus indicus
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Melilotus indicus
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Melilotus indicus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Melilotus indicus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer

More photos of Melilotus indicus in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Melilotus indicus:
CA, more common s
MAP CONTROLS
1. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
3. Filling of Jepson subdivision polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
4. Moving the cursor over any numbered cluster will show the range boundary of the included specimens (with a blue polygon).
5. Marker clustering can be turned off by clicking this link:      Marker Clustering OFF
WARNING: Turning this off might cause maps with large numbers of specimens to load slowly.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

View elevation by latitude chart


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
MAP LEGEND
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.