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Melica fugax
LITTLE MELIC

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Poaceae (Gramineae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GRASS FAMILY
Habit: Annual to woody perennial herb; roots generally fibrous. Stem: generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid. Leaf: alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear, parallel-veined; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base. Inflorescence: various (of generally many spikelets). Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1--many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally +- transparent, +- enclosed by lemma. Flower: generally bisexual, minute; perianth vestigial; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose. Fruit: grain, sometimes achene- or utricle-like.
Genera In Family: 650--900 genera; +- 10550 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials). Note: Generally wind-pollinated. Achnatherum, Ampelodesmos, Hesperostipa, Nassella, Piptatherum, Piptochaetium, Ptilagrostis moved to Stipa; Elytrigia, Leymus, Pascopyrum, Pseudoroegneria, Taeniatherum to Elymus; Hierochloe to Anthoxanthum; Lolium, Vulpia to Festuca; Lycurus to Muhlenbergia; Monanthochloe to Distichlis; Pleuraphis to Hilaria; Rhynchelytrum to Melinis. The following taxa (in genera not included here), recorded in California from historical collections or reported in literature, are extirpated, lacking vouchers, or not considered naturalized: Acrachne racemosa (Roth) Ohwi, Allolepis texana (Vasey) Soderstr. & H.F. Decker, Amphibromus nervosus (Hook. f.) Baill., Axonopus affinis Chase, Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm., Coix lacryma-jobi L., Cutandia memphitica (Spreng.) K. Richt., Dinebra retroflexa (Vahl) Panz., Eremochloa ciliaris (L.) Merr., Eustachys distichophylla (Lag.) Nees, Gaudinia fragilis (L.) P. Beauv., Miscanthus sinensis Andersson, Neyraudia arundinacea (L.) Henrard, Phyllostachys aurea Rivière & C. Rivière, Phyllostachys bambusoides Siebold & Zuccarini, Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) Clayton, Schedonnardus paniculatus (Nutt.) Branner & Coville, Schizachyrium cirratum (Hack.) Wooton & Standl., Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash, Themeda quadrivalvis (L.) Kuntze, Thysanolaena latifolia (Hornem.) Honda, Tribolium obliterum (Hemsl.) Renvoize, Zea mays L., Zizania palustris L. var. interior (Fassett) Dore, Zoysia japonica Steud. Paspalum pubiflorum E. Fourn., Paspalum quadrifarium Lam., are now reported for southern California (J Bot Res Inst Texas 4:761--770). See Glossary p. 30 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
eFlora Treatment Author: James P. Smith, Jr., except as noted
Scientific Editor: James P. Smith, Jr., J. Travis Columbus, Dieter H. Wilken.
Genus: MelicaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ONIONGRASS, MELIC
Habit: Perennial herb, generally cespitose, rhizomed or not, corms present or 0. Stem: generally erect. Leaf: +- basal; sheath closed to near top, glabrous to short-hairy; ligule thin, membranous, tip obtuse to truncate, generally jagged; blade flat, veins inconspicuous. Inflorescence: raceme- or panicle-like, generally appressed to main axis. Spikelet: glumes papery, translucent, back rounded, tip rounded, lower glume 3--5-veined, upper 1--3-veined; axis generally breaking above glumes; lower florets bisexual, 1--7, uppermost florets sterile, +- densely clustered at axis tip; lemma +- like glumes, prominently 5--7-veined, veins not converging, base occasionally red; palea < lemma. Chromosomes: n=9 in all California taxa.
Species In Genus: +- 80 species: generally temperate, except Australia. Etymology: (Latin: honey, or old Italian name for plant with sweet sap)
eFlora Treatment Author: Susan J. Bainbridge

Melica fugax Bol.
NATIVE
Stem: 1--6 dm; corms clustered. Leaf: ligule 0.5--3 mm; blade 1.2--5 mm wide. Inflorescence: 4.5--18 cm; branches appressed to spreading; spikelets 1--7 per branch. Spikelet: 4--17 mm; glumes persistent, lower 3--5 mm, upper 3.5--7 mm; bisexual florets 2--5, floret stalk swollen when fresh, +- wrinkled, brown when dry; lemma 4--7 mm, glabrous or scabrous, tip obtuse; palea +- = lemma; sterile cluster 2--3.5 mm, tapered.
Ecology: Dry volcanic flats, hillsides, conifer forest; Elevation: 1200--2200 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRH, NCoRI, CaR, n&c SNH, GB; Distribution Outside California: British Columbia, Idaho, Nevada. Flowering Time: May--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Susan J. Bainbridge
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Citation for this treatment: Susan J. Bainbridge 2016. Melica fugax, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33077, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 04, 2016.


Melica fugax
click for enlargement
© 2005 Steve Matson
Melica fugax
click for enlargement
© 2005 Steve Matson
Melica fugax
click for enlargement
© 2005 Steve Matson
Melica fugax
click for enlargement
© 2005 Steve Matson

More photos of Melica fugax in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Melica fugax:
KR, NCoRH, NCoRI, CaR, n&c SNH, GB;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.