Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Melia azedarach
CHINA BERRY, PERSIAN LILAC

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MeliaceaeView Description 

Common Name: MAHOGANY FAMILY
Habit: [(Perennial herb), shrub] or tree; wood hard, often aromatic. Leaf: generally alternate, often clustered near stem tips, generally odd-2-pinnate, bases generally swollen; stipules 0. Inflorescence: panicle [raceme or umbel]. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals generally 3--5, fused at base or not; petals generally 3--5, free [or +- fused at base or to filament tube]; stamens generally 8--12, filaments generally fused; disk generally between stamens and ovary; ovary superior, chambers generally 2--5, placentas axile, style generally 1, stigma generally head-like, lobed. Fruit: generally drupe. Seed: many, often winged or with an aril.
Genera In Family: +- 50 genera, +- 550 species: tropics, subtropics (some temperate). Timber, including mahogany (Swietenia).
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: MeliaView Description 

Common Name: BEAD TREE
Leaf: deciduous, petioled. Inflorescence: panicle; flowers many. Flower: white or purple; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5; filament tube 10--12-lobed at tip (lobes sometimes further divided), anthers 10--12; pistil surrounded by, +- = filament tube, ovary chambers 5--8, style +- as wide as ovary, stigma.
Species In Genus: +- 10 species: tropical Asia, Australia. Etymology: (Greek: ash tree, from leaf shape)

Melia azedarach L.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Tree, < 10 m. Stem: branches broadly spreading; bark furrowed. Leaf: +- 20--40 cm; 1° leaflets +- 5--9; 2° leaflets generally 5--7 per 1° leaflet, 2.5--5 cm, ovate to lanceolate, toothed. Flower: white to lilac, fragrant; sepals +- 2--3 mm; petals +- 5 mm, oblong; filament tube +- 5 mm, purple, aging black. Fruit: 10--15 mm, spheric, yellow. Seed: 1, bony.
Ecology: Washes, riparian areas, coastal scrub, or persisting near old habitations; Elevation: < 1280 m. Bioregional Distribution: SnFrB, SCo, SnGb, SnBr, PR; Distribution Outside California: native to southeastern Asia, northern Australia. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul Note: Fast-growing, used in reforestation; fruit pulp mildly toxic; seeds used for beads.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Melia
Next taxon: Menyanthaceae

Name Search

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock 2016. Melia azedarach, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=33069, accessed on June 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on June 01, 2016.


Melia azedarach
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling
Melia azedarach
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling
Melia azedarach
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling
Melia azedarach
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Melia azedarach
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Melia azedarach
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling

More photos of Melia azedarach in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Melia azedarach:
SnFrB, SCo, SnGb, SnBr, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.