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|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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|Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Medicago||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Medicago sativa L.
Habit: Perennial herb, +- glabrous or puberulent. Stem: generally erect, 2--8 dm. Leaf: stipules lanceolate, entire to sharply toothed; leaflets 1--2.9 cm, narrowly lanceolate to obovate. Inflorescence: spike-like, 8--30-flowered, longer in fruit. Flower: calyx 4--4.5 mm; corolla 6--11 mm, violet or violet- to yellow-green (yellow). Fruit: generally coiled 2--3 turns (or straight or sickle-shaped); light to dark yellow-brown, leathery, prickles 0, hairs 0. Chromosomes: 2n=16,32.
Ecology: Disturbed, agricultural areas; Elevation: < 2450 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP, GB, DMtns (Panamint Range); Distribution Outside California: United States except southeastern; native to Eurasia. Flowering Time: Apr--Oct Note: Cult; highly variable, polyploid complex in United States, including genetic components from several species; often divided into several species or subspecies, none tenable.
Synonyms: Medicago sativa subsp. falcata (L.) Arcang.; Medicago sativa subsp. sativa
eFlora Treatment Author: Martin F. Wojciechowski & Duane Isely
Jepson Online Interchange
Previous taxon: Medicago rigidula
Next taxon: Medicago scutellata
Citation for this treatment: Martin F. Wojciechowski & Duane Isely 2017. Medicago sativa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=32943, accessed on January 23, 2017.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on January 23, 2017.