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Malephora crocea

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AizoaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: FIG-MARIGOLD or ICEPLANT FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy. Stem: underground to erect; root fibrous or tuberous. Leaf: generally simple, entire, flat, cylindric, 3-angled, or scale-like, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; blade papillate, pubescent, or generally glabrous, often glaucous. Inflorescence: cyme or 1-flowered, generally terminal. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals (3)5(8), often unequal; petals 0 or many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear; stamens 1--many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1--20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0--20. Fruit: berry, nut, or generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile. Seed: 1--many per chamber, generally ovoid, arilled or not.
Genera In Family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropics, especially southern Africa; many cultivated. Note: Galenia pubescens (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Druce, a waif, may be naturalizing in southern California.
Unabridged Note: Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus (ovary glands convex, minute-crenate; stigmas dense-plumose; fruit chambers 5; seeds ovate, +- smooth), of tribe Ruschieae, an historical waif in California; Lampranthus coccineus (Haw.) N.E. Br.: (ovary glands fused; fruit chambers 5; seeds pear-shaped, +- black, rough), of Ruschieae, an historical waif or urban weed in California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Nancy J. Vivrette, John Bleck & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr., family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: MalephoraView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb, shrub. Stem: prostrate [to erect]. Leaf: opposite, +- fused at base, +- triangular [to +- round] in ×-section, smooth, often glaucous. Inflorescence: 1-flowered (or cyme). Flower: < 5 cm diam; sepals 4--6, unequal; petals free; stamens many in several whorls; nectary a ring; ovary +- inferior, top flat, placentas parietal, styles 0, stigmas wide, feathery. Fruit: capsule, valves not separating; valve winged and with lids. Seed: flat, rough, with tubercles in rows.
Species In Genus: 15 species: southern Africa. Etymology: (Greek: armhole, to bear)
eFlora Treatment Author: John Bleck

Malephora crocea (Jacq.) Schwantes
NATURALIZED
Stem: stout, pale, corky; nodes often rooting. Leaf: on short shoots, 2.5--6 cm, 6 mm wide, +- linear-elliptic or -oblanceolate, pale glaucous-green, sometimes +- red. Inflorescence: pedicel 1--6 cm. Flower: calyx 0.8--1.5 cm diam, at least 2 sepals short, acuminate, with translucent margins; petals adaxially orange, abaxially purple, or entirely yellow or orange; outer stamens sterile, yellow, petal-like, inner erect, often hairy at base; ovary chambers 8(12), stigmas 8(12), feathery. Fruit: placental tubercles at outer margin of chamber, in adaxial seed pockets, 2-lobed. Seed: many, 1 mm, 0.8 mm wide, lenticular. Chromosomes: 2n=27,36.
Ecology: Common. Margins of wetlands, coastal bluffs; Elevation: < 50 m. Bioregional Distribution: CCo, SCo, s ChI; Distribution Outside California: native to southern Africa. Flowering Time: Mar--Dec Note: +- invasive.
Synonyms: Malephora purpureo-crocea (Haw.) Schwantes
Unabridged Note: Although petals of most naturalized California plants have some purple (generally abaxially), some are entirely yellow or orange. California plants may be assignable to Malephora purpureo-crocea (Haw.) Schwantes, sometimes segregated.
eFlora Treatment Author: John Bleck
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Citation for this treatment: John Bleck 2016. Malephora crocea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=32548, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 04, 2016.


Malephora crocea
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Malephora crocea
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Malephora crocea
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Malephora crocea
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Malephora crocea
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer

More photos of Malephora crocea in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Malephora crocea:
CCo, SCo, s ChI;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.