Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon


Maianthemum stellatum


Higher Taxonomy
Family: RuscaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BUTCHER'S-BROOM FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb to shrub, rhizomed or not. Stem: leafy or scapose. Leaf: 2--15, basal or cauline, cauline clasping or sheathing, petioled [or reduced to scales, with short branches flattened, green, appearing leaf-like]. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary, panicle or raceme. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, generally white (+- pink); perianth parts 4 or 6, fused or not, erect, nodding or pendent; stamens (4)6, +- fused to perianth, anthers attached near base; ovary superior, chambers 2--3, style 1, stigma +- 3-lobed. Fruit: berry, spheric, red, orange-red, or blue-black, or capsule, papery. Seed: 1--12.
Genera In Family: 26 genera, 475 species: northern hemisphere, South Africa, northern Australia; species in several genera cultivated as ornamental, house pls. Note: Smilacina moved to Maianthemum.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: MaianthemumView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: FALSE LILY-OF-THE-VALLEY, FALSE SOLOMON'S SEAL
Habit: Rhizome creeping. Stem: erect, simple [0]. Leaf: alternate, generally +- clasping, lower reduced to sheathing scales. Inflorescence: terminal, raceme to panicle. Flower: perianth parts 4 or 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, white; stamens 4 or 6; ovary superior, chambers 2--3, style 1, stigmas 2--3. Fruit: berry. Seed: 1--3.
Species In Genus: 3 species: northern temperate. Etymology: (Greek: May flower, from flowering season) Note: Historically divided into 2 genera, Maianthemum, Smilacina (1. vs 1' in key); otherwise +- equal morphologically, unique chromosomally.
Reference: LaFrankie 2002 FNANM 26:206--210
Unabridged Reference: LaFrankie, J. V. 1986. Transfer of the species of Smilacina Desf. to Maianthemum Wiggers (Liliaceae). Taxon 35:584--589; Rudall P. J. et al. 2000. Systematics of the Ruscaceae/Convallariaceae: A combined morphological and molecular investigation. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 134:73--92
Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link
NATIVE
Habit: Rhizome 3--5 mm diam. Stem: 30--70 cm, straight or +- zigzag above, glabrous to puberulent. Leaf: > 5, 5--17 cm, (ob)lanceolate to elliptic, acuminate, abaxially puberulent; petioles 0. Inflorescence: raceme (or few-branched near base), generally 2--8 cm; flowers 5--15. Flower: perianth parts 6, 4--7 mm, > stamens, spreading, oblong to lanceolate; ovary chambers 3. Fruit: 7--10 mm, red-purple to black. Seed: 2.5--3 mm, brown. Chromosomes: n=18.
Ecology: Moist woodland, streambanks, open slopes; Elevation: < 2400 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SN, CW, SW, Wrn, SNE; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, eastern North America. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Synonyms: Smilacina stellata (L.) Desf.; Smilacina stellata var. sessilifolia (Baker) L.F. Hend.
Jepson eFlora Author: Dale W. McNeal
Reference: LaFrankie 2002 FNANM 26:206--210
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Maianthemum racemosum
Next taxon: Nolina

Name Search

Botanical illustration including Maianthemum stellatum

botanical illustration including Maianthemum stellatum

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2012, Maianthemum stellatum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=32497, accessed on November 21, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on November 21, 2019.

Maianthemum stellatum
click for enlargement
© 2002 Christopher L. Christie
Maianthemum stellatum
click for enlargement
© 2013 Barry Rice
Maianthemum stellatum
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Maianthemum stellatum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Gary A. Monroe
Maianthemum stellatum
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Maianthemum stellatum
click for enlargement
© 2006 George W. Hartwell

More photos of Maianthemum stellatum in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Maianthemum stellatum:
NW, CaR, SN, CW, SW, Wrn, SNE
MAP CONTROLS
1. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
3. Filling of Jepson subdivision polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
4. Moving the cursor over any numbered cluster will show the range boundary of the included specimens (with a blue polygon).
5. Marker clustering can be turned off by clicking this link:      Marker Clustering OFF
WARNING: Turning this off might cause maps with large numbers of specimens to load slowly.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

View elevation by latitude chart


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
MAP LEGEND
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.