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Lycopus uniflorus
NORTHERN BUGLEWEED

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MINT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub [tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic. Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled. Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted. Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1--2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, +- flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2. Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
Genera In Family: +- 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in California Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). Note: Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in California. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; California Hyptis moved to Condea, California Satureja moved to Clinopodium.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken & Margriet Wetherwax, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: LycopusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BUGLEWEED
Habit: Perennial herb from rhizome, glabrous or hairy. Stem: erect, branched or not. Leaf: short-petioled to sessile; blade generally ovate to lanceolate, margin toothed to deeply lobed or cut. Inflorescence: head-like in leaf axils. Flower: calyx generally 5-lobed, lobes +- equal, obtuse to short-awned; corolla +- bilateral, not 2-lipped, generally 4-lobed, lobes +- unequal; stamens 2, exserted, staminodes 2, minute, club-shaped; style exserted. Fruit: nutlets +- compressed, truncate to rounded, edges corky-thickened.
Species In Genus: 14 species: temperate North America, Eurasia, Australia. Etymology: (Greek: wolf foot, from French common name)
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken

Lycopus uniflorus Michx.
NATIVE
Habit: Rhizomes slender, tips abruptly thicker, tuber-like. Stem: ascending to erect, 1--5 dm, puberulent to finely strigose. Leaf: generally short-petioled, 2--6(8) cm; blade elliptic to lanceolate, generally serrate, glabrous to sparsely puberulent. Flower: calyx lobes ovate, obtuse to acute; corolla 2.5--4 mm, > calyx, white. Fruit: nutlet 1--2 mm, tip truncate, +- finely toothed.
Ecology: Moist areas, marshes, near springs; Elevation: < 2000 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SN, MP; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, eastern United States. Flowering Time: Jul--Sep
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken 2016. Lycopus uniflorus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=32327, accessed on February 11, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 11, 2016.


Lycopus uniflorus
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Lycopus uniflorus
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Lycopus uniflorus
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson

More photos of Lycopus uniflorus in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Lycopus uniflorus:
NW, CaR, SN, MP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.