Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Lycopersicon esculentum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: SolanaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla +- radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2--5-chambered.
Genera In Family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially +- tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); Toxicity: many TOXIC. Note: Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LycopersiconView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual or perennial herb, sticky-glandular, aromatic. Leaf: +- odd-1--2-pinnate. Inflorescence: raceme; pedicels jointed. Flower: often nodding; parts generally 5; sepals free +- to base; corolla yellow, +- rotate or lobes reflexed; anthers > filaments, tube-like around style, tapered, opening by slits from tip (except sterile part); stigma exserted from anthers. Fruit: berry, green to red, fleshy. Seed: coat gelatinous.
Species In Genus: +- 6 species: western South America, Central America. Etymology: (Greek: wolf peach, from supposed toxic properties) Note: Recently included in Solanum.

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
Habit: Erect or reclining, often fleshy, from taproot. Leaf: 10--20 cm. Inflorescence: few-flowered; peduncle 1.5--4 cm; bracts generally 0. Fruit: 3--12 cm wide, spheric, compressed, or pear-shaped, yellow-green to red.
Ecology: Disturbed areas, abandoned fields, roadsides; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: GV, SnFrB, SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to South America. Flowering Time: Summer--fall
Synonyms: Solanum lycopersicum L.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Lycopersicon
Next taxon: Lycopersicon peruvianum

Name Search


Citation for this treatment: Michael H. Nee 2016. Lycopersicon esculentum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 21, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 21, 2016.

Lycopersicon esculentum
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer

More photos of Lycopersicon esculentum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Lycopersicon esculentum:
GV, SnFrB, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.