Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Lycopersicon esculentum
TOMATO

Higher Taxonomy
Family: SolanaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: NIGHTSHADE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla +- radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2--5-chambered.
Genera In Family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially +- tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); Toxicity: many TOXIC. Note: Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LycopersiconView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual or perennial herb, sticky-glandular, aromatic. Leaf: +- odd-1--2-pinnate. Inflorescence: raceme; pedicels jointed. Flower: often nodding; parts generally 5; sepals free +- to base; corolla yellow, +- rotate or lobes reflexed; anthers > filaments, tube-like around style, tapered, opening by slits from tip (except sterile part); stigma exserted from anthers. Fruit: berry, green to red, fleshy. Seed: coat gelatinous.
Species In Genus: +- 6 species: western South America, Central America. Etymology: (Greek: wolf peach, from supposed toxic properties) Note: Recently included in Solanum.

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Erect or reclining, often fleshy, from taproot. Leaf: 10--20 cm. Inflorescence: few-flowered; peduncle 1.5--4 cm; bracts generally 0. Fruit: 3--12 cm wide, spheric, compressed, or pear-shaped, yellow-green to red.
Ecology: Disturbed areas, abandoned fields, roadsides; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: GV, SnFrB, SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to South America. Flowering Time: Summer--fall
Synonyms: Solanum lycopersicum L.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
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Citation for this treatment: Michael H. Nee 2016. Lycopersicon esculentum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=32229, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 05, 2016.


Lycopersicon esculentum
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© 2013 Neal Kramer

More photos of Lycopersicon esculentum in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Lycopersicon esculentum:
GV, SnFrB, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.