Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Lycium barbarum
MATRIMONY VINE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: SolanaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: NIGHTSHADE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla +- radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2--5-chambered.
Genera In Family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially +- tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); Toxicity: many TOXIC. Note: Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LyciumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BOX-THORN, WOLFBERRY
Habit: Shrub 1--4 m, generally with thorns, glabrous, hairy, or glandular-hairy. Leaf: alternate, clustered or not, entire, small, fleshy, generally +- flat to elliptic in ×-section. Inflorescence: clusters; flowers 1--several. Flower: calyx cylindric to bell-shaped, lobes 2--5; corolla funnel- or bell-shaped, +- white, +- green, or +- purple, lobes 4--5; stamens attached at various levels. Fruit: berry, 2-chambered, fleshy [dry]. Seed: 2--many.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: warm, dry areas worldwide. Etymology: (Latin: Lycia, ancient country of Asia Minor)

Lycium barbarum L.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant glabrous; thorns 0 or short; branches curved to arched. Leaf: 2--6 cm, (ob)lanceolate. Flower: calyx 3--4 mm, bell-shaped, lobes generally 2--3, 1--2 mm; corolla funnel-shaped, lavender to purple, fading tan, tube 4--6 mm, +- abruptly expanded to throat, lobes spreading, < tube; stamens +- equal, attached at tube middle, hair-tufted at base. Fruit: 1 cm, bright red. Seed: 10--20.
Ecology: Disturbed areas, fields; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SN, GV, SCo, MP, expected elsewhere; Distribution Outside California: native to Eurasia. Flowering Time: Apr--Aug Note: Plants with corolla tube < lobes and +- hidden by calyx are Lycium chinense Mill., a waif or possibly naturalized in central SNF, ScV, SCo; formerly cultivated.
Synonyms: Lycium halimifolium Mill.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
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Previous taxon: Lycium andersonii
Next taxon: Lycium brevipes

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Citation for this treatment: Michael H. Nee 2016. Lycium barbarum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=32204, accessed on December 10, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on December 10, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Lycium barbarum:
s SN, GV, SCo, MP, expected elsewhere;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.