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Vascular Plants of California
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Lychnis coronaria
ROSE CAMPION


Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
Genera In Family: 83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LychnisView Description 


Common Name: CAMPION
Habit: Biennial, perennial herb, erect, taprooted or roots fibrous. Leaf: petioled or not; oblanceolate to narrowly elliptic; vein 1, prominent. Inflorescence: terminal; flowers few; pedicels 10--55+ mm. Flower: sepals 5, fused, densely silky-hairy to tomentose, tube prominent, 12--14 mm, 7--10 mm diam, elliptic to ovoid, rounded, strongly 10-ribbed (obscured by hairs), lobes 4--7 mm, < tube, linear to +- lanceolate; petals 5, 22--30 mm, claw > limb, limb widely notched, appendages 2; styles (4)5, 16--18 mm. Fruit: capsule, ovoid; stalk 0--0.5 mm; teeth (4)5, ascending. Seed: many, gray to black-purple.
Species In Genus: 30 species: northern temperate Eurasia, northern Africa. Etymology: (Greek: lamp, from flame-colored flower of some species) Note: See note at Silene.
Unabridged Reference: Morton 2005 FNANM 5:180
Lychnis coronaria (L.) Desr.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant densely silky-hairy to tomentose. Stem: sparingly branched above. Leaf: basal many, 9--15 cm, oblanceolate; cauline fewer, 5--15 cm, generally narrowly elliptic. Inflorescence: leafy; branches, pedicels spreading, often arching upward. Flower: calyx lobes twisted; petals obovate, red-purple, appendages 2--4 mm, awl-like, thickened. Seed: 1--1.5 mm, +- spheric; tubercles rounded, elongate. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Disturbed areas, open slopes, redwood/Douglas-fir forests; Elevation: 100--1220 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaRF (Butte Co.), CaRH (Plumas Co.), n SNF, n SNH (Butte Co.), c SNH, SnFrB, SCo, WTR; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Idaho, Utah, also eastern North America; native to southeastern Europe. Flowering Time: Summer
Unabridged Synonyms: Silene coronaria (L.) Clairv.
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler
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Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler 2012, Lychnis coronaria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=32177, accessed on November 15, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on November 15, 2019.

Lychnis coronaria
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© 2009 Barry Breckling

More photos of Lychnis coronaria in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Lychnis coronaria:
KR, NCoR, CaRF (Butte Co.), CaRH (Plumas Co.), n SNF, n SNH (Butte Co.), c SNH, SnFrB, SCo, WTR
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.