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Luma apiculata
ARRAYAN, TEMU

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MyrtaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MYRTLE FAMILY
Habit: [Subshrub] shrub, tree, trunk bark smooth or scaly; glands 0 or embedded in epidermis. Leaf: opposite or alternate, persistent, generally glandular when young. Inflorescence: generally axillary, raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, parts in 4s, 5s, generally +- white; hypanthium exceeding ovary or not; stamens generally many; ovary [rarely superior to] inferior, 2--5(18)-chambered; placentas axillary, just below top, or basal, ovules few to many, generally in 2--many series. Fruit: berry, capsule, nut. Seed: 1--many; coat membranous to +- leathery or hard, bony; embryo starchy or oily (of great taxonomic importance).
Genera In Family: 100 genera, +- 3500 species: many species tropical America, Australasia, fewer Africa, southern Asia; economically important for timber (Eucalyptus), spices (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry, cloves; Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr., allspice), edible fruits (Psidium guajava L., guava; Acca sellowiana (O. Berg) Burret, pineapple guava), many orns (Eucalyptus, Melaleuca, several other genera). Note: Apparently of Gondwanan origins; tropics, subtropics, Mediterranean climates. Chamelaucium uncinatum Schauer, Luma apiculata (DC.) Burret, Melaleuca citrina (Curtis) Dum.Cours., Myrtus communis L., Syzygium australe (Link) B. Hyland are waifs.
eFlora Treatment Author: Leslie R. Landrum, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LumaView Description 

Habit: Shrub, small tree. Stem: erect; bark shed in flakes; trunk smooth. Leaf: opposite. Inflorescence: cyme, 3-flowered or flowers 1 in axils. Flower: hypanthium +- broadly vase-shaped; calyx lobes, petals 4, free; stamens many; ovary chambers 2, style 6--7 mm. Fruit: berry. Seed: (1)2--16, lenticular; coat membranous; cotyledons thin, planoconvex, +- = cylindric, embryonic stem.
Species In Genus: 2 species: Chile, western Argentina. Etymology: (Indigenous Chilean name for some Myrtaceae)

Luma apiculata (DC.) Burret
WAIF
Stem: 1.5--5(20) m, many-branched; trunk golden- to orange-brown, with +- white areas or not. Leaf: 1--4.5 cm, elliptic, +- round, or ovate, with a short, abrupt, flexible point, thinly leathery, dark green adaxially. Inflorescence: flowers generally 1 in axils. Flower: +- 12 mm wide; petals rounded, cream-white, pink-tinged, concave adaxially; stamens forming dense ring, < petals. Fruit: +- 12 mm wide, dark purple.
Ecology: Uncommon. Cool coastal, urban areas; Elevation: 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: CCo; Distribution Outside California: native to Chile, western Argentina. Note: Cult in California.
Synonyms: Eugenia apiculata DC.
eFlora Treatment Author: Leslie R. Landrum
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Citation for this treatment: Leslie R. Landrum 2016. Luma apiculata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=31673, accessed on February 07, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 07, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Luma apiculata:
CCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.