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Vascular Plants of California
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Lonicera conjugialis


Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaprifoliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: HONEYSUCKLE FAMILY
Habit: Subshrub to small tree or vine. Leaf: opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0. Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1--5-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, drupe.
Genera In Family: 5 genera, 220 species: especially northern temperate. Note: Linnaea moved to Linnaeaceae; Sambucus and Viburnum to Adoxaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Charles D. Bell, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LoniceraView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: HONEYSUCKLE
Habit: Shrub, twining to erect. Leaf: simple, entire, generally short-petioled; 1--2 pairs beneath inflorescence often fused around stem. Inflorescence: spikes, +- interrupted, on axillary peduncles or at ends of branches, or flowers paired on axillary peduncles and subtended by 0--3 pairs of bracts. Flower: calyx limb 0 or generally 5-toothed, generally persistent; corolla 5-lobed, +- bilateral, 2-lipped (upper 4-lobed), swollen at base on 1 side; ovary chambers 2--3. Fruit: berry, generally round; seeds generally > 2.
Species In Genus: +- 200 species: temperate, subtropical North America, Europe, Asia, northern Africa. Etymology: (Johann Lonitzer, German herbalist, physician, 1499--1569, and/or his son, Adam Lonitzer, German botanist, 1528--1586)
Unabridged Note: According to Ferguson (1966 J Arnold Arbor 47:33--59), genus named "in honor of Johann Lonitzer, latinized Lonicerus, 1499--1569, a German herbalist and physician, not Adam Lonitzer, 1528--1586; see Linnaeus, Crit. Bot. 93 1737." In fact, although Linnaeus indicated in Critica Botanica (Hort translation, Ray Society, 1938, p. 76) that the genus Lonicera was named in honor of Johann Lonitzer, in Hortus Cliffortianus (1737; p. 58) he states "...Loniceram ab Adamo Lonicero, antiquo Botanico...".
eFlora Treatment Author: Charles D. Bell & Lauramay T. Dempster
Reference: Howarth & Donoghue 2006 Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103(24):9101--9106
Lonicera conjugialis Kellogg
NATIVE
Habit: Erect, slender, 6--18 dm; herbage puberulent. Leaf: 2--8 cm; blade elliptic to round, base +- tapered, tip round to acute. Inflorescence: flowers paired; peduncle 14--30 mm, slender; bracts 0 or minute. Flower: calyx limb 0 or inconspicuous; corolla 4--7 mm, strongly 2-lipped, dark red, hairs 0 or sparse, upper lip erect, shallowly 4-lobed, lower lip downturned; anthers 3 in upper lip, 2 exserted from deepest corolla sinuses; ovaries (and fruit) fused generally > 1/2, style hairy well below stigma; stamens, stigma exserted. Fruit: pair fused generally > 1/2, 6--8 mm, bright red, translucent.
Ecology: Streambanks, moist places in conifer forest, open rocky slopes, talus; Elevation: 140--3300 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SN, MP; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, western Nevada. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Jepson eFlora Author: Charles D. Bell & Lauramay T. Dempster
Reference: Howarth & Donoghue 2006 Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103(24):9101--9106
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Botanical illustration including Lonicera conjugialis

botanical illustration including Lonicera conjugialis

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Citation for this treatment: Charles D. Bell & Lauramay T. Dempster 2012, Lonicera conjugialis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=31497, accessed on October 15, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 15, 2019.

Lonicera conjugialis
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© 2011 John Game
Lonicera conjugialis
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© 2009 Barry Breckling
Lonicera conjugialis
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© 2017 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Lonicera conjugialis
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© 2014 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Lonicera conjugialis
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© 2009 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Lonicera conjugialis
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© 2009 Keir Morse

More photos of Lonicera conjugialis in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Lonicera conjugialis:
NW, CaR, SN, MP
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.