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Loeflingia squarrosa

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile.
Genera In Family: 83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LoeflingiaView Description 

Habit: Annual, erect to prostrate, taprooted. Leaf: stipules 0.4--1.5 mm, bristle-like, scarious, entire, +- white; blade awl-like to oblong; vein 0--1. Inflorescence: axillary, sessile; flowers 1--2. Flower: sepals 5, 2.7--6 mm, +- free, +- lanceolate, glandular-hairy; petals 0 or vestigial; stamens 3--5; styles 3, < 0.1 mm. Fruit: capsule, 1.5--3.7 mm, lanceoloid to ovoid; valves 3, +- recurved at tip. Seed: many, tan with red-brown band on curved edge.
Species In Genus: 7 species: North America, Mediterranean, southwestern Asia. Etymology: (P. Loefling, Swedish botanist, explorer, 1729--1756)

Loeflingia squarrosa Nutt.
Habit: Plant 1--12 cm, much-branched at base, glandular-hairy, +- fleshy. Stem: stiff. Leaf: blade 2--7 mm, erect to +- recurved, bristly; bases generally fused into a short scarious sheath; tip blunt to spine-tipped. Flower: cleistogamous; sepals awned, becoming hardened, margin often scarious, lateral spurs often present, bristly. Fruit: 0.5--0.8 × sepals, 3-angled. Seed: 0.4--0.7 mm, minutely papillate on flat edge.
Ecology: Sand, gravel of hills, mesas, dunes, disturbed areas; Elevation: < 1200 m. Bioregional Distribution: Teh, SnJV, SnFrB, SCo, PR, GB, DMoj; Distribution Outside California: to Oregon, Nebraska, Arkansas, Texas, northern Baja California. Flowering Time: Spring--summer
Synonyms: Loeflingia pusilla Curran; Loeflingia squarrosa subsp. artemisiarum Barneby & Twisselmann; Loeflingia squarrosa subsp. squarosa; Loeflingia squarrosa var. artemisiarum (Barneby & Twisselm.) Dorn; Loeflingia squarrosa var. squarrosa
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler
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botanical illustration including Loeflingia squarrosa


Citation for this treatment: Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler 2016. Loeflingia squarrosa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Loeflingia squarrosa
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Loeflingia squarrosa
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Loeflingia squarrosa
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© 2014 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Loeflingia squarrosa in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Loeflingia squarrosa:
Teh, SnJV, SnFrB, SCo, PR, GB, DMoj;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.