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Lobularia maritima

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub; sap pungent, watery. Leaf: generally simple, alternate; generally both basal, cauline; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally not bracted. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 4, generally free; petals (0)4, forming a cross, generally white or yellow to purple; stamens generally 6 (2 or 4), 4 long, 2 short (3 pairs of unequal length); ovary 1, superior, generally 2-chambered with septum connecting 2 parietal placentas; style 1, stigma entire or 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule, generally 2-valved, "silique" (length >= 3 × width) or "silicle" (length < 3 × width), dehiscent by 2 valves or indehiscent, cylindric or flat parallel or perpendicular to septum, segmented or not. Seed: 1--many, in 1 or 2 rows per chamber, winged or wingless; embryo strongly curved.
Genera In Family: +- 330 genera, 3780 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Highest diversity in Mediterranean area, mountains of southwestern Asia, adjacent central Asia, western North America; some Brassica species are oil or vegetable crops; Arabidopsis thaliana used in experimental molecular biology; many species are ornamentals, weeds. Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desvaux in cultivation only. Aubrieta occasional waif in central NCoR, Carrichtera annua (L.) DC. in SCo, Iberis sempervirens L., Iberis umbellata L. in PR, Teesdalia coronopifolia (Bergeret) Thell., Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) W.T. Aiton in southern NCoRO, CCo. Cardaria, Coronopus moved to Lepidium; Caulostramina to Hesperidanthus; Guillenia to Caulanthus; Heterodraba to Athysanus; California taxa of Lesquerella to Physaria; Malcolmia africana to Strigosella.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: LobulariaView Description 

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, occasionally subshrub; hairs 2-rayed, sessile, appressed. Leaf: entire, not lobed at base. Inflorescence: elongated. Flower: sepals spreading to erect, base not sac-like; petals wide-obovate to spoon-shaped, clawed, white to purple. Fruit: silicle, flat parallel to septum, unsegmented, dehiscent, round to obovate or elliptic; stigma entire. Seed: 2(4)[13], in 1 or 2 rows, winged or not.
Species In Genus: 4 species: Mediterranean, Europe. Etymology: (Latin: small lobe, reference to fruit)
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz

Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv.
Habit: Annual, perennial herb. Stem: erect to prostrate or decumbent, branched from base, 0.5--2.5(4) dm. Leaf: (1)1.6--2.5(4.2) cm, (1)2--3(7) mm wide, linear to lance-linear, acute. Flower: sepals 1.4--1.7(2) mm; petals (2)2.3--2.8(3) mm, widely obovate. Fruit: 2--2.7(4.2) mm, (1.2)1.5--2(2.9) mm wide, round-elliptic; style 0.4--0.5 mm; pedicel spreading to ascending, (3)4.5--6(10) mm. Seed: 1 per chamber, ovate to lens-shaped, 1--1.4(2) mm; wing 0. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Disturbed areas, fields; Elevation: < 600 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CCo, SnFrB, SCo; Distribution Outside California: Canada, United States; native to Mediterranean, Europe. Flowering Time: Mar--Oct
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz
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botanical illustration including Lobularia maritima


Citation for this treatment: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz 2012, Lobularia maritima, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on March 18, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on March 18, 2018.

Lobularia maritima
click for enlargement
© 2015 Barry Breckling
Lobularia maritima
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© 2008 Neal Kramer
Lobularia maritima
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© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Lobularia maritima
click for enlargement
© 2010 Thomas Stoughton
Lobularia maritima
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Lobularia maritima
click for enlargement
© 2010 Thomas Stoughton

More photos of Lobularia maritima in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Lobularia maritima:
NCo, CCo, SnFrB, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.