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Lithophragma cymbalaria

Higher Taxonomy
Family: SaxifragaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SAXIFRAGE FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from caudex or rhizome, generally +- hairy. Stem: often +- leafy on proximal 1/2, rarely trailing and leafy throughout. Leaf: generally simple, basal and/or cauline, generally alternate, generally petioled; veins +- palmate. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, generally +- scapose. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; hypanthium free to +- fused to ovary; calyx lobes generally 5; petals generally 5, free, generally clawed, generally white; stamens 3, [4], 5, 8, or 10; pistils 1 (carpels +- fused, ovary lobed, chambers 1 or 2, placentas generally 2(3), axile or parietal or occasionally proximally axile and distally marginal in ovary lobes) or 2 (carpels free, placentas marginal), ovary nearly superior to inferior, occasionally more superior in fruit, styles generally 2(3). Fruit: capsule (generally 2(3)-beaked, valves generally 2(3), generally equal) or 2 follicles. Seed: generally many, small.
Genera In Family: +- 30 genera, 600 species: especially northern temperate, arctic, alpine; some cultivated (Bergenia, Darmera, Heuchera, Saxifraga, Tellima, Tolmiea). Note: California Mitella moved to Mitellastra, Ozomelis, Pectiantia; Suksdorfia ranunculifolia to Hemieva. Parnassia moved to Parnassiaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael S. Park & Patrick E. Elvander, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: LithophragmaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: WOODLAND STAR
Habit: Rhizome slender, scaleless, bearing bulblets. Leaf: basal and cauline, reduced distally on stem, generally alternate, increasingly more deeply lobed from younger basal to distal cauline; blade round, base cordate to reniform, +- lobed, generally toothed. Inflorescence: raceme; bracts scale-like or 0. Flower: hypanthium generally partly fused to ovary; petals generally lobed or toothed; stamens 10; pistil 1, ovary superior to +- inferior, chamber 1, placentas 3, parietal, styles 3. Fruit: capsule, 3-beaked, valves 3.
Species In Genus: 12 species: western North America. Etymology: (Greek: rock hedge, from habitats)
Unabridged Note: Generic names ending in -phragma are considered of neuter, not feminine, gender.

Lithophragma cymbalaria Torr. & A. Gray
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 10--35 cm. Leaf: basal blade shallowly 3-lobed, teeth 0; cauline 2, opposite. Inflorescence: flowers 2--8; pedicel 4--10 mm. Flower: hypanthium +- long-obconic, part fused to ovary +- = free part; petals 4--8 mm, ovate-elliptic, entire to shallowly toothed, white; ovary +- 1/2-inferior. Seed: spiny. Chromosomes: 2n=14+.
Ecology: Shady, moist areas; Elevation: < 1200(2500) m. Bioregional Distribution: SnJV (Antioch), SnFrB, SCoR, SCo/WTR (Ventura Co.), n ChI, WTR. Flowering Time: Mar--May
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael S. Park & Patrick E. Elvander
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Previous taxon: Lithophragma campanulatum
Next taxon: Lithophragma glabrum

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Citation for this treatment: Michael S. Park & Patrick E. Elvander 2016. Lithophragma cymbalaria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=31241, accessed on February 13, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 13, 2016.


Lithophragma cymbalaria
click for enlargement
© 2014 Steve Matson
Lithophragma cymbalaria
click for enlargement
© 2014 Steve Matson
Lithophragma cymbalaria
click for enlargement
© 2014 Steve Matson
Lithophragma cymbalaria
click for enlargement
© 2014 Steve Matson
Lithophragma cymbalaria
click for enlargement
© 2014 Steve Matson
Lithophragma cymbalaria
click for enlargement
© 2014 Steve Matson

More photos of Lithophragma cymbalaria in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Lithophragma cymbalaria:
SnJV (Antioch), SnFrB, SCoR, SCo/WTR (Ventura Co.), n ChI, WTR.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.