Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon

Lindernia dubia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Diplacus, Erythranthe, Limosella, Mimetanthe, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: LinderniaView Description 

Habit: Annual [perennial herb]. Stem: openly branched, 4-angled. Leaf: cauline, opposite, entire to finely dentate. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in leaf axils. Flower: calyx lobes 5, +- equal; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip erect, 2-lobed, lower lip > upper, spreading, 3-lobed, corolla tube cylindric, > lobes, throat with 2 yellow, hairy ridges; fertile stamens 2[4] (lower stamen pair antherless, forming corolla throat ridges and with free, forked, filament-like tips), anther sacs of each stamen touching, not parallel; stigmas 2, flat.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: temperate and tropical North America to Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa, South America. Etymology: (Franz B. von Lindern, German physician & botanist, 1682--1755) Note: Recently treated in Linderniaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Deborah Q. Lewis
Reference: Lewis 2000 Castanea 65:93--122; Rahmanzadeh et al. 2005 Pl Biol 7:67--78
Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell
Habit: Plant glabrous or sparsely and minutely stalked-glandular. Stem: < 27 cm [38 cm], spreading to erect, often rooting at proximal nodes. Leaf: 1--37 mm, sessile, lanceolate to ovate, tapered to round-clasping at base. Inflorescence: pedicel 0.5--28 mm. Flower: calyx lobed nearly to base, < 7 mm, lobes linear; corolla 7--10 mm, white to +- blue or lavender. Fruit: < or > sepals. Seed: length 1.5--3 × width, yellow to golden-yellow.
Ecology: Wet meadows, pond borders, lakes and streams; Elevation: < 1700 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaRH, SN, GV, SnFrB, PR, SNE; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, southern Canada, eastern United States (eastern of Rocky Mountains); Mexico to South America, Europe, Asia. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug
Synonyms: Lindernia dubia var. anagallidea (Michx.) Cooperr.; Lindernia dubia var. dubia
Jepson eFlora Author: Deborah Q. Lewis
Reference: Lewis 2000 Castanea 65:93--122; Rahmanzadeh et al. 2005 Pl Biol 7:67--78
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Lindernia
Next taxon: Maurandella

Name Search

Botanical illustration including Lindernia dubia

botanical illustration including Lindernia dubia


Citation for this treatment: Deborah Q. Lewis 2012, Lindernia dubia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on November 15, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on November 15, 2019.

Lindernia dubia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Lindernia dubia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Lindernia dubia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Lindernia dubia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Lindernia dubia
click for enlargement
© 2018 Neal Kramer
Lindernia dubia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse

More photos of Lindernia dubia in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Lindernia dubia:
1. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
3. Filling of Jepson subdivision polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
4. Moving the cursor over any numbered cluster will show the range boundary of the included specimens (with a blue polygon).
5. Marker clustering can be turned off by clicking this link:      Marker Clustering OFF
WARNING: Turning this off might cause maps with large numbers of specimens to load slowly.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


View elevation by latitude chart

Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.