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Vascular Plants of California
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Lindernia dubia


Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: PLANTAIN FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Diplacus, Erythranthe, Limosella, Mimetanthe, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: LinderniaView Description 


Common Name: FALSE PIMPERNEL
Habit: Annual [perennial herb]. Stem: openly branched, 4-angled. Leaf: cauline, opposite, entire to finely dentate. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in leaf axils. Flower: calyx lobes 5, +- equal; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip erect, 2-lobed, lower lip > upper, spreading, 3-lobed, corolla tube cylindric, > lobes, throat with 2 yellow, hairy ridges; fertile stamens 2[4] (lower stamen pair antherless, forming corolla throat ridges and with free, forked, filament-like tips), anther sacs of each stamen touching, not parallel; stigmas 2, flat.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: temperate and tropical North America to Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa, South America. Etymology: (Franz B. von Lindern, German physician & botanist, 1682--1755) Note: Recently treated in Linderniaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Deborah Q. Lewis
Reference: Lewis 2000 Castanea 65:93--122; Rahmanzadeh et al. 2005 Pl Biol 7:67--78
Lindernia dubia (L.) Pennell
NATIVE
Habit: Plant glabrous or sparsely and minutely stalked-glandular. Stem: < 27 cm [38 cm], spreading to erect, often rooting at proximal nodes. Leaf: 1--37 mm, sessile, lanceolate to ovate, tapered to round-clasping at base. Inflorescence: pedicel 0.5--28 mm. Flower: calyx lobed nearly to base, < 7 mm, lobes linear; corolla 7--10 mm, white to +- blue or lavender. Fruit: < or > sepals. Seed: length 1.5--3 × width, yellow to golden-yellow.
Ecology: Wet meadows, pond borders, lakes and streams; Elevation: < 1700 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaRH, SN, GV, SnFrB, PR, SNE; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, southern Canada, eastern United States (eastern of Rocky Mountains); Mexico to South America, Europe, Asia. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug
Synonyms: Lindernia dubia var. anagallidea (Michx.) Cooperr.; Lindernia dubia var. dubia
Jepson eFlora Author: Deborah Q. Lewis
Reference: Lewis 2000 Castanea 65:93--122; Rahmanzadeh et al. 2005 Pl Biol 7:67--78
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Botanical illustration including Lindernia dubia

botanical illustration including Lindernia dubia

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Citation for this treatment: Deborah Q. Lewis 2012, Lindernia dubia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=31104, accessed on May 24, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on May 24, 2019.

Lindernia dubia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Lindernia dubia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Lindernia dubia
click for enlargement
© 2018 Neal Kramer
Lindernia dubia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Lindernia dubia
click for enlargement
© 2018 Neal Kramer
Lindernia dubia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse

More photos of Lindernia dubia in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Lindernia dubia:
KR, NCoR, CaRH, SN, GV, SnFrB, PR, SNE
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.