Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Limonium californicum
WESTERN MARSH-ROSEMARY


Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlumbaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: LEADWORT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub [vine]. Leaf: simple, generally in basal rosette (cauline), entire or lobed. Inflorescence: raceme, cyme, or panicle (head-like in Armeria), generally scapose. Flower: bisexual, radial, generally small; calyx tubular, generally membranous or partly scarious, lobes 5, persistent; petals 5, +- free to +- fused, clawed, +- intertwined; stamens 5, opposite petals, occasionally epipetalous; ovary superior, generally 5-lobed or -ribbed, chamber and ovule 1, styles 5, occasionally fused. Fruit: utricle, achene, or capsule, +- enclosed in calyx.
Genera In Family: 27 genera, +- 1000 species: +- worldwide, especially Mediterranean, western and central Asia. Note: Some cultivated as ornamental (Limonium used as dried flower).
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: LimoniumView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: SEA-LAVENDER, MARSH-ROSEMARY
Habit: (Annual) perennial herb, scapose; rhizome +- woody. Leaf: few to many; basal generally in rosette, oblanceolate to obovate, entire or lobed, generally petioled; cauline generally small, scale-like. Inflorescence: panicle, branched +- at plant base, flowers in sessile, 1--3(5)--flowered spike-like clusters, each 3-bracted at base, clusters evenly spaced along branches to crowded at branch tips. Flower: calyx funnel-shaped, base tubular, lobes generally fused, generally 5--10-ribbed, generally pink to blue; petals free, white to yellow or pale violet; styles 5, +- free.
Species In Genus: +- 300 species: +- worldwide, generally in saline soils. Etymology: (Greek: meadow, from habitat of many species) Note: Many cultivated species; those of Mediterranean origin potentially could escape and naturalize. Limonium arborescens Kuntze, illeg. may have been misappl. to the waif Limonium brassicifolium (Webb & Berthel.) Kuntze.
Reference: Karis 2004 Biol J Linn Soc 144:461--482
Unabridged Reference: Kunkel & Sunding 1967 Cuad Bot 2:9--18; Pignatti 1972 Flora Europaea 3:38--50; Lledo et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92: 1189--1198; Smith 2005 FNANM 5:606--611
Limonium californicum (Boiss.) A. Heller
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb, erect, < 35 cm. Leaf: petiole generally < blade, stout, narrow-winged; blade 5--15 cm, 1.5--6 cm wide, obovate to oblong, +- entire or margin wavy, +- thick, leathery, base tapered. Inflorescence: wings 0; proximal inflorescence bracts deltate, not clasping; branches all flower; clusters 1--2-flowered, crowded in terminal 1--3 cm of branch tips; flower bracts 2.5--4.5 mm. Flower: calyx tube 4--5 mm, ribs generally +- hairy, lobes +- 0.5 mm, white; corolla blue, +- > calyx.
Ecology: Common; coastal dunes, salt marshes; Elevation: < 50 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CCo, SCo; Distribution Outside California: Oregon, southern Nevada, northern Baja California. Flowering Time: Jul--Dec
Synonyms: Limonium californicum var. mexicanum (S.F. Blake) Munz
Jepson eFlora Author: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock
Reference: Karis 2004 Biol J Linn Soc 144:461--482
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Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock 2012, Limonium californicum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=31014, accessed on December 06, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 06, 2019.

Limonium californicum
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© 2007 California Academy of Sciences
Limonium californicum
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© 2014 Neal Kramer

More photos of Limonium californicum in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Limonium californicum:
NCo, CCo, SCo
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.