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Vascular Plants of California
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Lilium rubescens
REDWOOD LILY


Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LiliumView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: LILY
Habit: Plant from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs here for brevity), generally not clonal, +- glabrous; bulb scale segments 2--many, if segmented. Stem: erect. Leaf: > 12, +- whorled (often some alternate), sessile, spreading with drooping tips to ascending, generally +- elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0. Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 1--40+; bracts generally 2 per flower. Flower: generally radial, generally bell- or funnel-shaped; perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, +- lanceolate, base narrowed, generally red-purple-spotted adaxially; stamens 6, gen exceeding to much exceeding perianth, anthers attached at middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, erect, generally +- smooth, loculicidal. Seed: many, flat, in 6 stacks. Chromosomes: n=12.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: northern temperate, tropical mountains of eastern Asia. Etymology: (Greek: lily) Note: Variable, hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction, collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May--Aug.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mark W. Skinner
Unabridged Reference: Skinner 1988 Ph.D. Dissertation Harvard Univ
Lilium rubescens S. Watson
NATIVE
Habit: Plant < 2 m, often glaucous; bulb +- erect-ovoid, scales unsegmented, longest 4--9 cm. Leaf: in 3--9 whorls, generally +- ascending, 3--13 cm, generally oblanceolate; margin generally wavy. Inflorescence: flowers 1--40, ascending to erect. Flower: funnel-shaped, fragrant; perianth parts 4.2--6.6 cm (inner wider, strongly oblanceolate), recurved in distal 33--50%, adaxially white, turning pink-purple, magenta spots minute, abaxially often +- red or +- purple; stamens held at same level as perianth, filaments +- parallel except distally, anthers 4--8 mm, pale yellow, pollen yellow; pistil 2.7--3.8 cm. Fruit: 2--3.7 cm, generally ribbed.
Ecology: Dry soils in chaparral, gaps in conifer forest; Elevation: 30--1800 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, SnFrB. Flowering Time: May--Aug
Synonyms: Lilium washingtonianum Kellogg var. purpureum W. Bull ex Baker
Jepson eFlora Author: Mark W. Skinner
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Lilium parvum
Next taxon: Lilium washingtonianum

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Botanical illustration including Lilium rubescens

botanical illustration including Lilium rubescens

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Citation for this treatment: Mark W. Skinner 2012, Lilium rubescens, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=30961, accessed on October 15, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 15, 2019.

Lilium rubescens
click for enlargement
© 2014 Aaron E. Sims and CNPS
Lilium rubescens
click for enlargement
© 2014 Aaron E. Sims and CNPS
Lilium rubescens
click for enlargement
© 2010 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Lilium rubescens
click for enlargement
© 2014 Aaron E. Sims and CNPS
Lilium rubescens
click for enlargement
© 2014 Aaron E. Sims and CNPS
Lilium rubescens
click for enlargement
© 2014 Aaron E. Sims and CNPS

More photos of Lilium rubescens in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Lilium rubescens:
NW, SnFrB.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.