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Lilium columbianum
COLUMBIA LILY

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LiliumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LILY
Habit: Plant from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs here for brevity), generally not clonal, +- glabrous; bulb scale segments 2--many, if segmented. Stem: erect. Leaf: > 12, +- whorled (often some alternate), sessile, spreading with drooping tips to ascending, generally +- elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0. Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 1--40+; bracts generally 2 per flower. Flower: generally radial, generally bell- or funnel-shaped; perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, +- lanceolate, base narrowed, generally red-purple-spotted adaxially; stamens 6, gen exceeding to much exceeding perianth, anthers attached at middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, erect, generally +- smooth, loculicidal. Seed: many, flat, in 6 stacks. Chromosomes: n=12.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: northern temperate, tropical mountains of eastern Asia. Etymology: (Greek: lily) Note: Variable, hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction, collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May--Aug.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mark W. Skinner

Lilium columbianum Leichtlin
NATIVE
Habit: Plant < 1.7 m, glaucous or not; bulb erect-ovoid to oblique-elongate, scales (1)2--3(4--5)-segmented, longest 3--7.3 cm. Leaf: in 1--9 whorls, generally ascending, 1.5--16 cm, +- oblanceolate to +- obovate or not; margin generally wavy. Inflorescence: flowers 1--25(45), pendent to nodding. Flower: widely bell-shaped, not fragrant; perianth parts 3.4--7.1 cm, reflexed in distal 50--60%, orange (often +- red abaxially); stamens +- exceeding perianth, filaments spreading, anthers 5--13 mm, +- yellow, pollen orange or yellow; pistil 2.4--3.7 cm. Fruit: 2--5.4 cm.
Ecology: Dry scrub, coastal prairie, gaps and roadsides in conifer forest especially along coast; Elevation: < 1300 m. Bioregional Distribution: nw NW; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Idaho. Flowering Time: Jun--Jul Note: Variable. Hybridizes with Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri, Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii; possibly with Lilium kelloggii in Del Norte Co. along Highway 199 near Oregon border.
Synonyms: Lilium canadense L. var. parviflorum Hook.; Lilium lucidum Kellogg; Lilium parviflorum (Hook.) Holz.
Unabridged Note: Variable. In California pollinated mostly by Selasphorus hummingbirds. To the northern flowers smaller, stamens more exserted, and Papilio swallowtails become more important pollinators. Hybridizes with Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri and Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii, often with Lilium occidentale in Oregon. May hybridize with Lilium kelloggii in Del Norte Co. along Highway 199 near OR border.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mark W. Skinner
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Citation for this treatment: Mark W. Skinner 2016. Lilium columbianum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=30931, accessed on May 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 29, 2016.


Lilium columbianum
click for enlargement
© 1995 Gary A. Monroe
Lilium columbianum
click for enlargement
© 2013 California Academy of Sciences
Lilium columbianum
click for enlargement
© 2013 California Academy of Sciences
Lilium columbianum
click for enlargement
© 2013 California Academy of Sciences
Lilium columbianum
click for enlargement
© 1995 Gary A. Monroe
Lilium columbianum
click for enlargement
© 2013 California Academy of Sciences

More photos of Lilium columbianum in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Lilium columbianum:
nw NW;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.