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|Family: Liliaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Lilium||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Lilium columbianum Leichtlin
Habit: Plant < 1.7 m, glaucous or not; bulb erect-ovoid to oblique-elongate, scales (1)2--3(4--5)-segmented, longest 3--7.3 cm. Leaf: in 1--9 whorls, generally ascending, 1.5--16 cm, +- oblanceolate to +- obovate or not; margin generally wavy. Inflorescence: flowers 1--25(45), pendent to nodding. Flower: widely bell-shaped, not fragrant; perianth parts 3.4--7.1 cm, reflexed in distal 50--60%, orange (often +- red abaxially); stamens +- exceeding perianth, filaments spreading, anthers 5--13 mm, +- yellow, pollen orange or yellow; pistil 2.4--3.7 cm. Fruit: 2--5.4 cm.
Ecology: Dry scrub, coastal prairie, gaps and roadsides in conifer forest especially along coast; Elevation: < 1300 m. Bioregional Distribution: nw NW; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Idaho. Flowering Time: Jun--Jul Note: Variable. Hybridizes with Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri, Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii; possibly with Lilium kelloggii in Del Norte Co. along Highway 199 near Oregon border.
Synonyms: Lilium canadense L. var. parviflorum Hook.; Lilium lucidum Kellogg; Lilium parviflorum (Hook.) Holz.
Unabridged Note: Variable. In California pollinated mostly by Selasphorus hummingbirds. To the northern flowers smaller, stamens more exserted, and Papilio swallowtails become more important pollinators. Hybridizes with Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri and Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii, often with Lilium occidentale in Oregon. May hybridize with Lilium kelloggii in Del Norte Co. along Highway 199 near OR border.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mark W. Skinner
Jepson Online Interchange
Previous taxon: Lilium bolanderi
Next taxon: Lilium humboldtii
Citation for this treatment: Mark W. Skinner 2016. Lilium columbianum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=30931, accessed on September 25, 2016.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on September 25, 2016.