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Lewisia leeana
QUILL-LEAVED LEWISIA

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MontiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MINER'S LETTUCE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; generally fleshy. Stem: 1--many, generally glabrous. Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite. Inflorescence: axillary or terminal; cyme, raceme, panicle, umbel, or flower 1. Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(9), free; petals (1)2--19, free or +- fused; stamens 1--many, epipetalous or not, anthers pink, rose, or yellow; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules 1--many, placenta basal or free-central; styles (0)1--8, generally fused at base, branched. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 2--3-valved. Seed: 1--many, shiny or +- pebbly or sculptured, black or gray, generally with oil-filled appendage as food for ants.
Genera In Family: +- 22 genera, +- 230 species: generally temperate America, Asia, Australia, Europe, Kerguelen Is, New Zealand, southern Africa, poorly represented in Europe; some cultivated (Lewisia, Calandrinia). Note: All CA genera previously included in Portulacaceae; details of flowers, seeds require 20× magnification.
Unabridged Note: May include Hectorellaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LewisiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb generally from short, thick, +- branched taproot; tuberous root generally 0 (or spheric). Stem: prostrate to erect, scape-like or branched. Leaf: generally in basal rosette and cauline, simple, entire or not; base wide; margin generally +- translucent. Inflorescence: +- scapose; cyme, panicle, raceme, or +- umbel; stems 1--many, generally leafless but bracted, disjointing in age or not, 1--many flowered; pedicel 0--30 mm. Flower: sepals 2--8, free, persistent; petals 4--19, white, cream, yellow, orange, pink, rose, purple, overlapped in bud, often with pink or dark purple veins; stamens 1--50; styles 2--8, fused at base, stigmas 2--8, thread-like. Fruit: 6--9 mm, spheric or ovoid, circumscissile near middle or below, translucent. Seed: 1--50, dark, generally shiny, smooth or finely tubercled, 1--4 mm in size.
Species In Genus: 18 species: western North America, 16 in flora. Etymology: (Captain Meriwether Lewis, of Lewis & Clark Expedition, 1774--1809) Note: Many hybrids, cultivated, including Lewisia ×whiteae Purdy in California; Lewisia columbiana (A. Gray) B.L. Rob. not in California.
Unabridged Note: Many hybrids, cultivars (Mathew 1989), including Lewisia ×whiteae Purdy in California, as well as Lewisia columbiana (Howell ex A. Gray) B.L. Rob. from Douglas Co., Oregon north to British Columbia; Lewisia maguirei A.H. Holmgren endemic to Nevada; Lewisia sacajaweana B.L. Wilson & E. Rey-Vizgirdas restricted to Idaho; Lewisia tweedyi, endemic to northern Cascades of Washington, British Columbia now placed in Cistanthe.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Lauramay T. Dempster

Lewisia leeana (Porter) B.L. Rob.
NATIVE
Leaf: many, dense-rosetted, 1.5--6 cm, +- linear, +- cylindric, entire, +- fleshy, tapered to narrow base, tip blunt. Inflorescence: stems 1--several, 8--24 cm, each with open, rounded, many-flowered, panicle-like cyme; flowers well exserted from leaves; bracts among flowers and below, lanceolate, entire or increasingly gland-toothed distally; pedicel 3--15 mm. Flower: sepals 2, +- 1/3 × corolla, ovate or +- round, +- gland-toothed; petals 6--8, 5--6.5 mm, obovate, white, pink, purple, or magenta, tip generally rounded; stamens 4--8; stigmas 2. Fruit: 4--5 mm. Seed: 1--2, 2--2.5 mm. Chromosomes: n=14.
Ecology: Granite, serpentine cliffs, rocky slopes, conifer forest; Elevation: 1300--3350 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRH, CaR, c&s SNH; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug Note: Lewisia leeana hybridizes with Lewisia cotyledon (see Lewisia ×whiteae).
Synonyms: Calandrinia leeana Porter; Lewisia eastwoodiana Purdy; Oreobroma leeanum (Porter) Howell; Lewisia leana, orth. var.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Lauramay T. Dempster
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Previous taxon: Lewisia kelloggii subsp. kelloggii
Next taxon: Lewisia longipetala

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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & Lauramay T. Dempster 2016. Lewisia leeana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=30833, accessed on February 11, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 11, 2016.


Lewisia leeana
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© 2010 Neal Kramer
Lewisia leeana
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© 2008 Robert E. Preston, Ph.D.
Lewisia leeana
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© 1991 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Lewisia leeana
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© 2013 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Lewisia leeana
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© 2009 Aaron Schusteff
Lewisia leeana
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© 2011 Steve Matson

More photos of Lewisia leeana in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Lewisia leeana:
KR, NCoRH, CaR, c&s SNH;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.