Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Leucocrinum montanum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AgavaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree, fibrous succulent or not, from bulbs or rhizomes. Stem: above ground or not, branched or not. Leaf: simple, deciduous or not, basal or in terminal rosettes, generally sessile, linear, lanceolate, oblanceolate or ovate, fibrous or not, thin and flexible or thick and rigid or succulent; margin entire, fine-serrate, dentate, or with filaments, tips rigid or flexible, with a spine or not. Flower: bisexual; perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused; stamens 6, +- fused to perianth, filaments often wide, succulent; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, style 1 (thick, poorly defined), stigma head-like or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, indehiscent, loculicidal, or septicidal. Seed: few to many, +- flat or ovoid, generally black.
Genera In Family: 23 genera, 637 species: worldwide.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LeucocrinumView Description 

Common Name: SAND LILY

Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Greek: white lily)

Leucocrinum montanum Nutt. ex A. Gray.
Habit: Perennial herb from short, often deep caudex; roots fleshy. Stem: +- 0. Leaf: basal, spreading, 10--20 cm, linear, base sheathed by membranous bracts. Inflorescence: pedicels underground. Flower: 5--10 cm; perianth +- salverform, parts 6, fused into slender tube, petal-like, white, persistent, lobes 2--2.5 cm, +- oblong, spreading; stamens 6, attached near top of perianth tube, anthers 4--6 mm, linear; ovary underground, superior, chambers 3, style 1, persistent, stigma +- 3-lobed. Fruit: 5--8 mm, 3-angled, +- wrinkled, loculicidal. Seed: 3--4 mm, angled, black. Chromosomes: 2n=28.
Ecology: Sandy flats, sagebrush scrub, juniper woodland, montane forest; Elevation: 1000--1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH, MP; Distribution Outside California: to Oregon, Nebraska, Utah. Flowering Time: May--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
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botanical illustration including Leucocrinum montanum


Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2017. Leucocrinum montanum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 21, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 21, 2017.

Leucocrinum montanum
click for enlargement
© 1984 Gary A. Monroe
Leucocrinum montanum
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© 2010 Barry Breckling
Leucocrinum montanum
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© 2009 California Academy of Sciences
Leucocrinum montanum
click for enlargement
© 1984 Gary A. Monroe
Leucocrinum montanum
click for enlargement
© 2009 California Academy of Sciences
Leucocrinum montanum
click for enlargement
© 1989 Gary A. Monroe

More photos of Leucocrinum montanum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Leucocrinum montanum:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.