Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Leucocrinum montanum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AgavaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree, fibrous succulent or not, from bulbs or rhizomes. Stem: above ground or not, branched or not. Leaf: simple, deciduous or not, basal or in terminal rosettes, generally sessile, linear, lanceolate, oblanceolate or ovate, fibrous or not, thin and flexible or thick and rigid or succulent; margin entire, fine-serrate, dentate, or with filaments, tips rigid or flexible, with a spine or not. Flower: bisexual; perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused; stamens 6, +- fused to perianth, filaments often wide, succulent; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, style 1 (thick, poorly defined), stigma head-like or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, indehiscent, loculicidal, or septicidal. Seed: few to many, +- flat or ovoid, generally black.
Genera In Family: 23 genera, 637 species: worldwide.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LeucocrinumView Description 

Common Name: SAND LILY

Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Greek: white lily)

Leucocrinum montanum Nutt. ex A. Gray.
Habit: Perennial herb from short, often deep caudex; roots fleshy. Stem: +- 0. Leaf: basal, spreading, 10--20 cm, linear, base sheathed by membranous bracts. Inflorescence: pedicels underground. Flower: 5--10 cm; perianth +- salverform, parts 6, fused into slender tube, petal-like, white, persistent, lobes 2--2.5 cm, +- oblong, spreading; stamens 6, attached near top of perianth tube, anthers 4--6 mm, linear; ovary underground, superior, chambers 3, style 1, persistent, stigma +- 3-lobed. Fruit: 5--8 mm, 3-angled, +- wrinkled, loculicidal. Seed: 3--4 mm, angled, black. Chromosomes: 2n=28.
Ecology: Sandy flats, sagebrush scrub, juniper woodland, montane forest; Elevation: 1000--1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH, MP; Distribution Outside California: to Oregon, Nebraska, Utah. Flowering Time: May--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
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botanical illustration including Leucocrinum montanum


Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2016. Leucocrinum montanum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Leucocrinum montanum
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© 1984 Gary A. Monroe
Leucocrinum montanum
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© 1989 Gary A. Monroe
Leucocrinum montanum
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© 2010 Barry Breckling
Leucocrinum montanum
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© 1984 Gary A. Monroe
Leucocrinum montanum
click for enlargement
© 2009 California Academy of Sciences
Leucocrinum montanum
click for enlargement
© 2009 California Academy of Sciences

More photos of Leucocrinum montanum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Leucocrinum montanum:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.