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Leptospermum laevigatum
AUSTRALIAN TEA TREE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MyrtaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MYRTLE FAMILY
Habit: [Subshrub] shrub, tree, trunk bark smooth or scaly; glands 0 or embedded in epidermis. Leaf: opposite or alternate, persistent, generally glandular when young. Inflorescence: generally axillary, raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, parts in 4s, 5s, generally +- white; hypanthium exceeding ovary or not; stamens generally many; ovary [rarely superior to] inferior, 2--5(18)-chambered; placentas axillary, just below top, or basal, ovules few to many, generally in 2--many series. Fruit: berry, capsule, nut. Seed: 1--many; coat membranous to +- leathery or hard, bony; embryo starchy or oily (of great taxonomic importance).
Genera In Family: 100 genera, +- 3500 species: many species tropical America, Australasia, fewer Africa, southern Asia; economically important for timber (Eucalyptus), spices (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry, cloves; Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr., allspice), edible fruits (Psidium guajava L., guava; Acca sellowiana (O. Berg) Burret, pineapple guava), many orns (Eucalyptus, Melaleuca, several other genera). Note: Apparently of Gondwanan origins; tropics, subtropics, Mediterranean climates. Chamelaucium uncinatum Schauer, Luma apiculata (DC.) Burret, Melaleuca citrina (Curtis) Dum.Cours., Myrtus communis L., Syzygium australe (Link) B. Hyland are waifs.
eFlora Treatment Author: Leslie R. Landrum, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LeptospermumView Description 

Habit: Shrub, small tree. Stem: trunk spreading to erect, twisted; bark fibrous, shed in long strips. Inflorescence: flowers 1--3 in leaf axils. Flower: calyx lobes, petals, 5, free; hypanthium generally widely cup-shaped; petals white, pink, or red; stamens many; chambers 5--many; style extending to or exceeded by stamens. Fruit: capsule, woody, opening at top; chambers many. Seed: many, generally 1--3 mm.
Species In Genus: +- 70 species: especially Australia, few New Zealand, Malay Archipelago. Etymology: (Greek: slender seed)
eFlora Treatment Author: Leslie R. Landrum & Elizabeth McClintock

Leptospermum laevigatum (Gaertn.) F. Muell.
NATURALIZED
Stem: trunk generally spreading. Leaf: alternate, 10--25 mm, oblanceolate to obovate-oblong; main veins 3, inconspicuous; tip blunt or mucronate. Flower: 1.5--2 cm wide, +- sessile; calyx lobes +- triangular, 1--1.5 mm, persisting until fruit matures, silky adaxially; petals spreading, white, ephemeral; stamens to +- 20, +- 2 mm, < (or =) perianth; style +- 1 mm, glabrous. Fruit: 7--8 mm wide; valves +- exserted, 7--10.
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed coastal areas; Elevation: < 50 m. Bioregional Distribution: CCo; Distribution Outside California: native to southeastern Australia. Flowering Time: Spring Note: Commonly cultivated in coastal California, for sand stabilization or not.
eFlora Treatment Author: Leslie R. Landrum & Elizabeth McClintock
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Citation for this treatment: Leslie R. Landrum & Elizabeth McClintock 2016. Leptospermum laevigatum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=30642, accessed on February 08, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 08, 2016.


Leptospermum laevigatum
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Leptospermum laevigatum
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Leptospermum laevigatum
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Leptospermum laevigatum
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Leptospermum laevigatum
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Leptospermum laevigatum
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer

More photos of Leptospermum laevigatum in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Leptospermum laevigatum:
CCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.