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Kniphofia uvaria

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AsphodelaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ASPHODEL FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub [tree], fleshy or not, rhizomed. Stem: branched or not. Leaf: basal or +- so or in terminal clusters, alternate, linear to widely lanceolate [ovate], small (1.5--27 cm, 0.5--3 mm wide) [to large (1.9--4 m, 3--6 cm wide)], leathery or not, fleshy or not, entire or with minute sharp teeth or coarse prickles. Inflorescence: panicle [spike, raceme], bracts scattered. Flower: perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, radial or +- bilateral, free or +- fused; stamens 6, equal or not, anthers attached at base or middle; ovary superior, chambers 3. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: 6--many, flat, angled, or winged, gray, brown, +- black, black-brown.
Genera In Family: +- 17 genera, 800 species: Africa, Mediterranean to central Asia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: KniphofiaView Description 

Common Name: RED-HOT POKER
Habit: Perennial herb, rhizome short, stout, erect; roots long, cord-like. Stem: scapose, erect, glaucous. Leaf: basal, linear, grass-like, 30--100 cm, 1--2 cm wide +- folded, entire or with minute sharp teeth, glaucous. Inflorescence: spike-like raceme, cylindric, flowers reflexed. Flower: perianth parts petal-like, tube 25--45 mm, lobes 2--5 mm, rounded to acute; stamens (4 or)6, included to +- exserted, outer 3 shorter, anthers attached at middle; style 1, exserted, stigma small. Seed: many.
Species In Genus: 60 species: tropical and southern Africa. Etymology: (Johann Hieronymus Kniphof, 1704--1763, German botanist, professor of medicine, and author of a work of botanical illustrations)

Kniphofia uvaria (L.) Oken
NATURALIZED
Stem: 0.5--1.3 m. Leaf: 60--100 cm, long-pointed. Inflorescence: 15--25 cm; bracts lanceolate, acute, membranous. Flower: perianth 25--50 mm, red, lower (on pl) yellow in age, lobes rounded; stamens exserted; style exserted. Chromosomes: 2n=12.
Ecology: Marsh, creek margins, chaparral, canyons, disturbed places, often sandy; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CCo, expected elsewhere; Distribution Outside California: southern Africa. Flowering Time: Apr--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
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Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2016. Kniphofia uvaria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=29921, accessed on February 10, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 10, 2016.


Kniphofia uvaria
click for enlargement
© 2002 Tony Morosco
Kniphofia uvaria
click for enlargement
© 2002 Tony Morosco
Kniphofia uvaria
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer
Kniphofia uvaria
click for enlargement
© 2002 Tony Morosco
Kniphofia uvaria
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer
Kniphofia uvaria
click for enlargement
© 2002 Tony Morosco

More photos of Kniphofia uvaria in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Kniphofia uvaria:
NCo, CCo, expected elsewhere;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.