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Kickxia spuria

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PLANTAIN FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: KickxiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual [perennial herb, shrub], hairy, glandular. Stem: generally decumbent, much-branched. Leaf: alternate (proximal-most sometimes opposite), generally entire, +- sessile; veins pinnate. Inflorescence: flower 1 in axils; pedicel straight. Flower: calyx segments 5, +- free, equal; corolla tube with conic or cylindric spur at base, lower lip base swollen, closing mouth; stamens 4, staminode minute. Fruit: +- spheric; chambers equal, circumscissile. Seed: many, 0.3--1.3 mm, +- netted or ridged.
Species In Genus: +- 9 species: Europe, Mediterranean., western Asia. Etymology: (Jean Kickx father and/or son, 17th, 18th century Belgian professors)
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & David M. Thompson

Kickxia spuria (L.) Dumort.
NATURALIZED
Flower: calyx lobes ovate, enlarging in fruit, base in fruit +- cordate; corolla 10--15 mm, yellow, upper lip deep purple. Fruit: 3--5 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=18.
Ecology: Disturbed, open places; Elevation: < 600 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRO, NCoRI, n&c SNF, GV, SnFrB, SCoRI, SCo, TR, PR; Distribution Outside California: native to Europe. Flowering Time: Jul--Dec
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & David M. Thompson
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Previous taxon: Kickxia elatine
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botanical illustration including Kickxia spuria

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Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax & David M. Thompson 2016. Kickxia spuria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=29899, accessed on February 08, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 08, 2016.


Kickxia spuria
click for enlargement
© 2002 Tony Morosco
Kickxia spuria
click for enlargement
© 2002 Tony Morosco
Kickxia spuria
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling
Kickxia spuria
click for enlargement
© 2002 Tony Morosco
Kickxia spuria
click for enlargement
© 2002 Tony Morosco
Kickxia spuria
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling

More photos of Kickxia spuria in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Kickxia spuria:
NCoRO, NCoRI, n&c SNF, GV, SnFrB, SCoRI, SCo, TR, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.