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Kallstroemia parviflora

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ZygophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: CALTROP FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, often armed; caudex present or not. Stem: branched; nodes often angled, swollen. Leaf: 1-compound, opposite, petioled; stipules persistent or not; leaflets entire. Inflorescence: flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; sepals 5, free, persistent or not; petals 5, free, generally spreading, twisted (corolla propeller-like) or not; stamens 10, appendaged on inside base or not; ovary superior, chambers (and lobes) 5--10, each with 1--several ovules, placentas axile. Fruit: capsule or splitting into 5--10 nutlets (= mericarps).
Genera In Family: 27 genera, +- 250 species: widespread especially in warm, dry regions; some cultivated (Guaiacum, lignum vitae; Tribulus, caltrop).
eFlora Treatment Author: Duncan M. Porter
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: KallstroemiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, unarmed. Stem: spreading radially, prostrate to ascending, < 1 m. Leaf: even-1-pinnate; stipules narrow, green. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in axils. Flower: sepals persistent or not; petals yellow to orange, persistent, withering. Fruit: 10-lobed, splitting into 10 tubercled nutlets; style persistent; pedicel reflexed. Seed: 1 per chamber.
Species In Genus: 17 species: warm and tropical America. Etymology: (Anders Kallstroem, obscure contemporary of Scopoli, author of genus, 1733--1812)

Kallstroemia parviflora Norton
NATIVE
Stem: prostrate to decumbent, < 1 m, strigose to glabrous. Leaf: stipules 5--7 mm; leaflets 6--10. Flower: pedicel > subtending leaf; sepals persistent, +- = to slightly > fruit body, appressed; petals 6--12 mm, orange. Fruit: 4--6 mm wide, ovoid; style to 3 × fruit body.
Ecology: Uncommon. Sandy roadsides, slopes; Elevation: 1500--2000 m. Bioregional Distribution: c PR (near Warner Hot Springs, San Diego Co.), e DMoj, expected elsewhere; Distribution Outside California: to central United States, central Mexico. Flowering Time: Aug--Oct Note: Recently collected in San Bernardino Co., near site of 1950 collections.
eFlora Treatment Author: Duncan M. Porter
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botanical illustration including Kallstroemia parviflora

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Citation for this treatment: Duncan M. Porter 2016. Kallstroemia parviflora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=29862, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.


Kallstroemia parviflora
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© 2013 Keir Morse
Kallstroemia parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Kallstroemia parviflora
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© 2011 James M. Andre
Kallstroemia parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Kallstroemia parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Kallstroemia parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2014 Keir Morse

More photos of Kallstroemia parviflora in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Kallstroemia parviflora:
c PR (near Warner Hot Springs, San Diego Co.), e DMoj, expected elsewhere;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.