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Justicia californica
BELOPERONE, CHUPAROSA

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AcanthaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ACANTHUS FAMILY
Habit: [Annual, perennial herb to] shrub, [tree], nodes generally swollen. Leaf: simple, generally opposite, entire (toothed [lobed]); stipules 0. Inflorescence: variable, with bracts, generally also bractlets. Flower: bisexual; calyx deeply (3)4--5 lobed [(sepals free)]; corolla 4--5 lobed, radial to 2-lipped; stamens 2 or 4, epipetalous, anther sacs sometimes dissimilar in size or placement; ovary superior, 4--many-ovuled, chambers 1--2, placentas axile (free central), stigmas 1--2. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal, generally dehiscing explosively, valves 2. Seed: 1--4[+], each generally subtended by hook-like outgrowth that remains in fruit.
Genera In Family: 220 genera, 4000 species: especially tropics; some ornamental: Justicia (Beloperone, shrimp-plant), Acanthus, Thunbergia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel, Margriet Wetherwax & Lawrence R. Heckard, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: JusticiaView Description 

Habit: [Annual, perennial herb] shrub. Inflorescence: generally raceme [variable]. Flower: corolla 2-lipped, tube generally >= lips, wider upward, upper lip notched or 2-lobed, lower 3-lobed; stamens 2, generally appressed to upper lip, anther sacs unequally placed on filament, opening toward lower lip, lower sac spurred. Fruit: club-shaped; stalk +- flat. Seed: 4, outlined on fruit surface [or not].
Species In Genus: 400 species: tropics, subtropics. Etymology: (James Justice, Scottish horticulturist, 1698--1763)

Justicia californica (Benth.) D.N. Gibson
NATIVE
Stem: < 2 m, generally leafless in flower, canescent. Leaf: blade 1--6 cm, ovate, triangular, or +- round, puberulent; petiole < 20 mm. Inflorescence: bracts < 1 cm, lance-elliptic, falling early; bractlets 2--5 mm, narrow-tapered. Flower: calyx 5--8 mm, lobes 5, lanceolate; corolla 2--4 cm, puberulent, dull scarlet (yellow), lips 1--2 cm, < tube, lobes of lower 1--4 mm. Fruit: 1.5--2 cm, canescent. Seed: 2.5--3.5 mm, +- round, mottled. Chromosomes: 2n=28.
Ecology: Dry sandy or rocky soils, especially washes; Elevation: < 950 m. Bioregional Distribution: e PR, D; Distribution Outside California: Arizona, northwestern Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
Synonyms: Beloperone californica Benth.
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel, Margriet Wetherwax & Lawrence R. Heckard
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Citation for this treatment: Thomas F. Daniel, Margriet Wetherwax & Lawrence R. Heckard 2016. Justicia californica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=29815, accessed on February 09, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 09, 2016.


Justicia californica
click for enlargement
© 2012 Keir Morse
Justicia californica
click for enlargement
© 2012 Keir Morse
Justicia californica
click for enlargement
© 2008 Christopher L. Christie
Justicia californica
click for enlargement
© 2012 Keir Morse
Justicia californica
click for enlargement
© 2009 California Academy of Sciences
Justicia californica
click for enlargement
© 2008 Christopher L. Christie

More photos of Justicia californica in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Justicia californica:
e PR, D;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.