Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Juncus bolanderi
BOLANDER'S RUSH


Higher Taxonomy
Family: JuncaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: RUSH FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb generally from rhizomes. Stem: round or flat. Leaf: generally basal; sheath margins fused, or overlapping and generally with 2 ear-like extensions at blade junction; blade round, flat, or vestigial, glabrous or margin hairy. Inflorescence: head-like clusters or flowers 1, variously arranged; bracts subtending inflorescence 2, generally leaf-like; bracts subtending inflorescence branches 1--2, reduced; bractlets subtending flowers generally 1--2, generally translucent. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals and petals similar, persistent, scale-like, green to brown or +- purple-black; stamens generally 3 or 6, anthers linear, persistent; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 1 or 3, placentas 1 and basal or 3 and axile or parietal, stigmas generally > style. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: 3--many, generally with white appendages on 1 or both ends.
Genera In Family: 7 genera, 440 species: temperate, arctic, and tropical mountains. Note: Flowers late spring to early fall.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter F. Zika, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: JuncusView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: RUSH
Habit: Rhizome 0 or generally with scale-like leaves. Stem: generally cylindric or flat. Leaf: blade well developed and cylindric or flat, occasionally closely resembling stem, or reduced to small point; crosswalls generally present; appendages generally present at blade-sheath junction. Inflorescence: generally terminal, appearing lateral when pushed aside by inflorescence bract; bractlets 0--2. Flower: sepals, petals similar; stamens generally 3 or 6(2); pistil 1, ovary chambers 1--3, placentas axile or parietal, stigmas generally 3(2). Seed: many.
Species In Genus: 315 species: worldwide, especially northern hemisphere. Etymology: (Latin: to join or bind, from use of stems) Note: All species with leaf crosswalls may have leaves, stems swollen, deformed by sucking insects. Fruiting time given instead of flowering time. Plants included in TJM2 as Juncus brachyphyllus now treated in California as a new species, Juncus trilocularis (Zika 2012 Rhodora 114:309--329); Juncus bulbosus, Juncus dichotomus, and Juncus elliottii, only noted as naturalized in TJM2, now fully treated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter F. Zika
Reference: [Ertter 1986 Mem New York Bot Gard 39:1--90]
Juncus bolanderi Engelm.
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb 30--80 cm; rhizome stout, creeping. Leaf: basal scale-like, cauline 3--4, sheath appendages 3--5 mm, scarious, blade 10--20 cm, 1--1.5 mm wide, cylindric, blade crosswalls complete. Inflorescence: lowest bract generally > inflorescence; clusters 1--3(5), > 20-flowered. Flower: perianth parts 3--3.5 mm, +- equal, narrowly acuminate, dark to light brown; stamens 3, filaments > anthers. Fruit: +- = perianth, oblong, short-beaked. Seed: +- 0.5 mm, obovoid; appendages minute.
Ecology: Swampy or sandy ground; Elevation: < 1600 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaRH, CCo, SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Idaho. Fruiting Time: Jul--Sep
Jepson eFlora Author: Peter F. Zika
Reference: [Ertter 1986 Mem New York Bot Gard 39:1--90]
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Botanical illustration including Juncus bolanderi

botanical illustration including Juncus bolanderi

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Citation for this treatment: Peter F. Zika 2015, Juncus bolanderi, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 3, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=29610, accessed on November 22, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on November 22, 2019.

Juncus bolanderi
click for enlargement
© 2004 Steve Matson
Juncus bolanderi
click for enlargement
© 2003 Steve Matson
Juncus bolanderi
click for enlargement
© 2004 Steve Matson
Juncus bolanderi
click for enlargement
© 2004 Steve Matson
Juncus bolanderi
click for enlargement
© 2003 Steve Matson
Juncus bolanderi
click for enlargement
© 2004 Steve Matson

More photos of Juncus bolanderi in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Juncus bolanderi:
NW, CaRH, CCo, SnFrB
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.