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Ixia maculata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: IridaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: IRIS FAMILY
Habit: [(Annual), shrub], perennial herb generally from [bulb], corm, or rhizome. Stem: generally erect, generally +- round in ×-section. Leaf: generally basal (few cauline), 2-ranked, +- sword-shaped, blade edge-wise to stem, with midvein or not; bases overlapped, sheathing. Inflorescence: generally +- terminal; spikes, umbel-like cymes, or flowers 1; flowers in spikes or 1 subtended by 2 subopposite flower bracts; umbel-like cymes enclosed by 2 subopposite, generally large, leaf-like inflorescence bracts, including various flower bracts. Flower: bisexual (unisexual), radial, with stamens erect, enclosing style, or bilateral, with stamens, style to 1 side, stamens not enclosing style; perianth radial, parts free or generally fused into tube above ovary, generally petal-like, in 2 series of 3, outer +- like inner (or not, in Iris, parts in that genus called sepals, petals), upper +- like lower or not; stamens 3, attached at base of outer 3 perianth parts or in tube, generally free; ovary inferior [(superior)], [(1)]3-chambered, placentas axile [(parietal)], style 1, branches 3, entire to 2-branched, thread- or petal-like with stigma abaxial, proximal to tip. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: few to many.
Genera In Family: +- 65 genera, +- 2050 species: worldwide, especially Africa; many cultivated (e.g., Crocus, Dietes, Freesia, Gladiolus, Iris, Sisyrinchium). Note: Gladiolus italicus Mill., Gladiolus tristis L. are urban weeds. Sparaxis grandiflora (D. Delaroche) Ker Gawl., Sparaxis tricolor (Schneev.) Ker Gawl. are waifs.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter Goldblatt, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: IxiaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb; corm generally round, cover fibrous. Stem: erect, branched or not. Inflorescence: spike; flowers few to many, flower bracts generally membranous, outer 3-lobed to -toothed, inner 2-lobed or -toothed. Flower: generally radial; perianth +- salverform or bell-shaped, tube straight, linear or funnel-shaped, lobes +- equal, spreading; stamens free; style branches entire. Fruit: thin-walled. Seed: many, small, rounded, coat hard.
Species In Genus: +- 75 species: southern Africa. Etymology: (Greek: ixias, classically the 'chameleon plant' (Loranthus), possibly because the seeds of those plants are sticky like a chameleon's tongue, but evidently applied arbitrarily by Linnaeus to these plants)

Ixia maculata L.
Stem: 20--50 cm, generally unbranched. Leaf: basal 5--8, 10--35 cm, < 5 mm wide, often twisted. Inflorescence: generally 4--12-flowered, dense. Flower: perianth orange or yellow, dark brown in center, with pale star in center or not, tube 5--10 mm, lobes 15--20 mm, spreading; filaments generally partly united, shorter than anthers; anthers 7--9 mm; style dividing below anther level.
Ecology: Uncommon. Urban areas, disturbed coastal dunes; Elevation: < 50 m. Bioregional Distribution: SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: native to southern Africa. Flowering Time: Apr
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter Goldblatt
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Citation for this treatment: Peter Goldblatt 2016. Ixia maculata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 01, 2016.

Geographic subdivisions for Ixia maculata:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.