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Vascular Plants of California
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Ipomopsis polycladon


Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolemoniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: PHLOX FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1--many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
Genera In Family: 26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). Note: Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: IpomopsisView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: SCARLET GILIA
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, [+- subshrub]. Stem: generally branched at base. Leaf: alternate, simple, smaller upward, entire to pinnate- or palmate-lobed; lobes generally small-pointed at tip. Inflorescence: clusters, lateral or open to head-like, terminal. Flower: calyx generally bell-shaped, tube, sinuses membranous, glabrous to hairy, lobes generally small-pointed at tip; corolla generally salverform, radial or bilateral, white to red or lavender. Seed: slender, angled, +- winged, white to light brown.
Species In Genus: 30 species: western North America, southeastern United States, southern South America. Etymology: (Greek: like Ipomoea) Note: Perennial herb cross-, annual generally self-pollinated. Ipomopsis depressa moved to Loeseliastrum.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken
Unabridged Reference: Grant & Wilken 1988 Bot Gaz 149:443--449
Ipomopsis polycladon (Torr.) V.E. Grant
NATIVE
Habit: Annual. Stem: decumbent to prostrate, < 1 dm, glandular-puberulent. Leaf: < 2 cm, entire to toothed or pinnate-5--7-lobed; basal, cauline crowded below inflorescence, terminal lobe, axis equal in width, glabrous adaxially, puberulent abaxially. Inflorescence: head-like, terminal. Flower: corolla radial, 3--6 mm, generally white, lobes < 2 mm; stamens attached at 1 level, generally included, filaments = anthers; style included. Fruit: < 5 mm, ellipsoid. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Sandy, gravelly soils; Elevation: 750--2150 m. Bioregional Distribution: GB, DMoj; Distribution Outside California: to Texas, northern Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul
Jepson eFlora Author: Dieter H. Wilken
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Ipomopsis polycladon

botanical illustration including Ipomopsis polycladon

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Citation for this treatment: Dieter H. Wilken 2012, Ipomopsis polycladon, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=29149, accessed on December 13, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on December 13, 2019.

Ipomopsis polycladon
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© 2006 James M. Andre
Ipomopsis polycladon
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© 2014 Steve Matson
Ipomopsis polycladon
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© 2011 Steve Matson
Ipomopsis polycladon
click for enlargement
© 2011 Steve Matson
Ipomopsis polycladon
click for enlargement
© 2011 Steve Matson
Ipomopsis polycladon
click for enlargement
© 2014 Steve Matson

More photos of Ipomopsis polycladon in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Ipomopsis polycladon:
GB, DMoj
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.