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Impatiens balfourii
KASHMIR BALSAM

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BalsaminaceaeView Description 

Common Name: TOUCH-ME-NOT or BALSAM FAMILY
Habit: Annual, [perennial herb, subshrub, few epiphytes], glabrous [(hairy)]; roots fibrous [rhizomatous to tuberous]. Stem: watery to fleshy. Leaf: generally alternate, simple, petioled, toothed or entire, veins pinnate, +- arched. Inflorescence: cyme, umbel-like, terminal or axillary, 1--8-flowered. Flower: bisexual, bilateral, twisting 180°; sepals 3[5], free, upper becoming lower, generally with nectar spur [or spur 0]; petals 3 [5, free or] +- fused in 2s; stamens 5, filaments stout, forming column around pistil, +- united at tip, shed at base, anthers united into cap over stigma; ovary 1, superior, generally 5-chambered, stigmas 1--5. Fruit: capsule, explosive [or berry-like drupe].
Genera In Family: 2 genera, +- 850 species: tropics, warm temperate; some ornamental.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter F. Zika
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ImpatiensView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: TOUCH-ME-NOT, JEWELWEED
Stem: lower generally with adventitious roots. Leaf: alternate, opposite, or whorled; stipules 0 or gland-like. Flower: variously spotted or lined; sepals 3, lateral 2 greatly reduced, +- green, lower with nectar spur, not green; petals apparently 3, lateral 2 forming a lip, upper 1 a banner over mouth of tube. Fruit: green. Seed: 1--7, green to black, ridged or papillate.
Species In Genus: +- 850 species: tropics, warm temperate, Eurasia, Africa, boreal America. Etymology: (Latin: impatient, from explosive fruit)

Impatiens balfourii Hook. f.
NATURALIZED
Habit: Plant 5--10 dm. Leaf: alternate; stipules gland-like, dome-shaped, unlobed, < 1 mm; blade 2--13 cm, lanceolate to wide-ovate, acuminate, serrate. Inflorescence: 1--8(14)-flowered, axillary, terminal. Flower: white, pink, or purple, with yellow marks or not; spur +- straight, 10--20 mm, taper to spur gradual, lateral sepals 2--5 mm; self-pollinating flowers 0. Fruit: club-shaped. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Shores, streambanks; Elevation: < 1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, n CCo, s SnFrB, ne SCo, SnBr; Distribution Outside California: Oregon; native to Himalaya Mountains. Flowering Time: Apr--Sep Note: Introduced in California as ornamental.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter F. Zika
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botanical illustration including Impatiens balfourii

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Citation for this treatment: Peter F. Zika 2016. Impatiens balfourii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=28954, accessed on December 02, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on December 02, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Impatiens balfourii:
NCo, n CCo, s SnFrB, ne SCo, SnBr;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.