|University of California, Berkeley|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Index to accepted names and synonyms:
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|Family: Aquifoliaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Ilex||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Ilex aquifolium L.
Habit: Shrub, tree, < 20 m. Stem: erect; branches many, branchlets minutely hairy. Leaf: 2.5--6 cm, ovate or oblong-ovate, entire to lobed, even on 1 pl, teeth 0 or widely spaced, stiff, spine-like. Flower: petals 2--3 mm, dull white. Fruit: 7--8 mm wide, smooth.
Ecology: Cool, wooded areas; Elevation: < 200 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, KR?, NCoRO, CCo, SnFrB, expected elsewhere; Distribution Outside California: native to Europe, western Asia. Flowering Time: May--Jun Note: Cult since ancient time for showy fruit.
eFlora Treatment Author: Elizabeth McClintock
Jepson Online Interchange
Weed listed by Cal-IPC
Previous taxon: Ilex
Next taxon: Araliaceae
Citation for this treatment: Elizabeth McClintock 2017. Ilex aquifolium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=28898, accessed on January 24, 2017.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on January 24, 2017.