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Horkelia parryi
PARRY'S HORKELIA

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: HorkeliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, generally +- glandular, generally resinous-smelling; caudex generally branched. Stem: generally ascending to erect. Leaf: generally basal, odd-1-pinnately compound, generally +- flat; cauline alternate, reduced upward; leaflets 2--15 per side, uppermost lateral generally +- fused with terminal. Inflorescence: cyme; pedicels generally straight, bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium cup-like, +- flat-bottomed, width +- 2 × length, bractlets 5, generally 2/3 sepals; sepals often reflexed; petals generally +- = sepal, blunt, white; stamens 10, filaments +- flat, often forming a tube; pistils 2--many, ovary superior, style attached below fruit tip, +- thicker at base. Fruit: achene.
Species In Genus: 20 species: western North America. Etymology: (J. Horkel, German plant physiologist, 1769--1846) Note: Many attractive to bees; data apply to basal leaves, pressed hypanthia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Barbara Ertter

Horkelia parryi Greene
NATIVE
Habit: Plant openly matted, green. Stem: generally 10--30 cm. Leaf: 5--10 cm; stipules entire or basally lobed; leaflets 3--6 per side, separated, 5--15 mm, +- obovate, 5--10-toothed 1/4 to midrib, hairs sparse. Inflorescence: open, +- 5--10-flowered; pedicels 5--15 mm, +- recurved in fruit. Flower: hypanthium width +- 3--4 mm, > 3 × length, bractlets 0.5--1.5 mm wide, lanceolate; sepals 4--6 mm; petals 4--7 mm, obovate to elliptic; filaments generally 1--3 mm, base +- 1 mm wide, anthers 0.6--1 mm; pistils generally 20--50, style +- 2 mm. Fruit: +- 1.5 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=28.
Ecology: Open chaparral; Elevation: 80--900 m. Bioregional Distribution: n&c SNF (esp Ione Formation). Flowering Time: Apr--Sep Note: Reported once from limestone.
eFlora Treatment Author: Barbara Ertter
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Horkelia marinensis
Next taxon: Horkelia rydbergii

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Citation for this treatment: Barbara Ertter 2016. Horkelia parryi, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=28414, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 03, 2016.


Horkelia parryi
click for enlargement
© 2005 George W. Hartwell
Horkelia parryi
click for enlargement
© 2001 George W. Hartwell
Horkelia parryi
click for enlargement
© 2012 Barry Breckling
Horkelia parryi
click for enlargement
© 2001 George W. Hartwell
Horkelia parryi
click for enlargement
© 2005 George W. Hartwell
Horkelia parryi
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling

More photos of Horkelia parryi in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Horkelia parryi:
n&c SNF (esp Ione Formation).
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.