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|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Index to accepted names and synonyms:
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|Family: Poaceae (Gramineae)||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Hordeum||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Hordeum vulgare L.
Habit: Annual. Stem: 5--14 dm, erect, stout; nodes glabrous. Leaf: sheath glabrous; ligule 0.5--3 mm; auricles <= 6 mm (0 in some cultivated plants); blade to 30 cm, 5--15 mm wide, scabrous or glabrous. Inflorescence: (2)5--10 cm, erect to nodding, green to +- purple or +- black at maturity, all spikelets generally fertile, sessile (lateral spikelets rudimentary in some cultivated plants); axis generally remaining intact at maturity. Spikelet: glumes 10--30 mm, hairy, flat near base, margins not ciliate; lemma 6--15 mm, glabrous, awn 30--180 mm or 0. Chromosomes: 2n=14,28.
Ecology: Disturbed areas as an escape from cultivation, not persisting; Elevation: < 3100 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP; Distribution Outside California: North America; native to Eurasia. Flowering Time: All year
Synonyms: Hordeum vulgare var. trifurcatum (Schltdl.) Alef.; Hordeum vulgare var. vulgare
Unabridged Note: Barley is a source of food, malt used in brewing, and flour. It is one of our earliest domesticated pls. It is planted to control erosion and used to suppress weed growth.
eFlora Treatment Author: James P. Smith, Jr.
Jepson Online Interchange
Previous taxon: Hordeum murinum subsp. murinum
Next taxon: Hyparrhenia
Citation for this treatment: James P. Smith, Jr. 2017. Hordeum vulgare, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=28397, accessed on January 22, 2017.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on January 22, 2017.