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Hemitomes congestum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: EricaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4--5, generally free; petals generally (0)4--5, free or fused; stamens (2--5)8--10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1--5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
Genera In Family: +- 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. Note: Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: HemitomesView Description 

Common Name: GNOME PLANT

Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Greek: 1/2 eunuch, from 1 anther sac thought sterile)

Hemitomes congestum A. Gray
Habit: Perennial herb, non-green, fleshy, generally glabrous, rhizomed; roots brittle. Stem: 0. Leaf: 0. Inflorescence: generally dense cyme, raceme, or flowers 1; 2--10 cm, generally pink, cream, emerging from ground erect, not persisting after seed dispersal; bracts < 2 cm, margins ciliate; bractlets generally 0(1--2). Flower: sepals (2)4, free, lateral 2 often folded, clasping corolla, other 2 flat if present; corolla cylindric to flask-shaped, inside densely hairy, petals 4(5), +- 2/3 fused, cream or generally pink; stamens generally 8, filaments densely hairy, anthers 1--2 mm, elongate, dehiscing by separate longitudinal slits, unawned; nectary 8--10-lobed; ovary superior, chamber 1 or appearing > 1 by intrusion of parietal placentas, style < 5 mm, hairy, stigma 1.5--2.5 mm wide, disk-like, yellow, subtended by dense hairs. Fruit: berry, < 1 cm. Seed: many, ovate.
Ecology: Uncommon. Mixed or conifer forests; Elevation: 30--2700 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, KR, NCoRO, CaRH, n&s SNH, CCo, SnFrB, SCoRO; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: May--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace
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botanical illustration including Hemitomes congestum


Citation for this treatment: Gary D. Wallace 2016. Hemitomes congestum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Geographic subdivisions for Hemitomes congestum:
NCo, KR, NCoRO, CaRH, n&s SNH, CCo, SnFrB, SCoRO;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.