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Heliotropium amplexicaule
FRAGRANT HELIOTROPE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: HeliotropiumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: HELIOTROPE
Habit: Annual, perennial herb [shrub], glabrous to bristly or strigose. Stem: prostrate to erect, branched. Leaf: generally cauline, petioled to sessile, generally entire. Inflorescence: flower 1 in axils or many in terminal coiled spike-like cymes. Flower: corolla rotate to bell-shaped, white to purple; stamens attached on upper tube, included, anthers +- sessile; style 0 or not lobed, stigma 1, linear to disk-like. Fruit: nutlets 2 or 4, erect, generally ovoid to spheric, smooth, roughened, or hairy, scar generally lateral.
Species In Genus: +- 250 species: temperate, tropics. Ornamental, cultivated for medicinal drugs. Etymology: (Greek: sun turning, from some species flowering at summer solstice)
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley & Dieter H. Wilken

Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl
NATURALIZED
Habit: Perennial herb, not fleshy. Stem: decumbent to ascending, 2--6 dm, short-soft-hairy. Leaf: 4--9 cm, oblong to oblanceolate, short-petioled to subsessile, acute, short-soft-hairy. Inflorescence: spike-like cymes 3--5. Flower: generally fragrant; calyx lobes +- lance-linear, bristly; corolla 4--6 mm, 5--6 mm diam, bell-shaped, purple, throat yellow. Fruit: nutlets 2, irregularly roughened, faintly tubercled. Chromosomes: 2n=26,28.
Ecology: Open sites, fields; Elevation: < 500 m. Bioregional Distribution: n&c SCo; Distribution Outside California: native to Argentina. Flowering Time: All year
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley & Dieter H. Wilken
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Citation for this treatment: Ronald B. Kelley & Dieter H. Wilken 2016. Heliotropium amplexicaule, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=27903, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 05, 2016.


Heliotropium amplexicaule
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Heliotropium amplexicaule
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Heliotropium amplexicaule
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Heliotropium amplexicaule
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Heliotropium amplexicaule
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Heliotropium amplexicaule
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton

More photos of Heliotropium amplexicaule in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Heliotropium amplexicaule:
n&c SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.