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Vascular Plants of California
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Hackelia sharsmithii
SHARSMITH'S STICKSEED


Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: HackeliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: STICKSEED
Habit: Perennial herb (biennial); hairs appressed to spreading; caudex generally branched in age, often +- woody, taprooted. Stem: ascending or erect. Leaf: lowest petioles generally +- = blades, +- winged, others 0. Inflorescence: coiled cymes, generally > 3, generally terminal and axillary, +- bracted; pedicel in fruit elongated, recurved to reflexed. Flower: calyx deep-5-lobed; corolla rotate-salverform, generally white with yellow patch adaxially, lobes appendaged near base. Fruit: nutlets erect, > style, attachment scar lateral-medial, generally with barb-tipped prickles abaxially and on margin.
Species In Genus: 40 species: generally western North America, southeastern Asia. Etymology: (J. Hackel, Czech botanist, 1783--1869) Note: Values for corolla limb diam take into account shrinkage during flower period. Difficult, study needed, especially in northern California, southeastern Asia; sometimes merged with Lappula.
Unabridged Note: In North America filling old-world role of flat-flowered forget-me-nots, Myosotis, Lepechiniella, etc, for pollinators.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley & Robert L. Carr
Unabridged Reference: Gentry & Carr 1976 Mem New York Bot Gard 26:121--227
Hackelia sharsmithii I.M. Johnst.
NATIVE
Stem: 1--3 dm, +- strigose, hairs appressed downward below, upward above. Leaf: basal 3--14 cm, 0.6--2.3 cm wide, elliptic to lanceolate; cauline sessile, 1--4 cm, 0.5--1.6 cm wide, oblanceolate to ovate. Inflorescence: (1)2--3, generally few-flowered, +- terminal; pedicel 12--17+ mm in fruit. Flower: calyx 2--2.7 mm; corolla tube < calyx, limb 5.5--7(8) mm diam, +- white with pale blue margin, occasionally pale blue, appendages wider than long. Fruit: nutlets 2--3 mm, abaxial prickles 0--5, < marginal.
Ecology: Crevices in cliffs, talus slopes; Elevation: 3150--3700 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNH; Distribution Outside California: central Nevada. Flowering Time: Jul--Aug
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald B. Kelley & Robert L. Carr
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Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Hackelia setosa
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Botanical illustration including Hackelia sharsmithii

botanical illustration including Hackelia sharsmithii

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Citation for this treatment: Ronald B. Kelley & Robert L. Carr 2012, Hackelia sharsmithii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=27542, accessed on October 15, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 15, 2019.

Hackelia sharsmithii
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Hackelia sharsmithii
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Hackelia sharsmithii
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Hackelia sharsmithii
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Hackelia sharsmithii
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Hackelia sharsmithii
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson

More photos of Hackelia sharsmithii in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Hackelia sharsmithii:
s SNH
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.