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Vascular Plants of California
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Goodyera oblongifolia
RATTLESNAKE-PLANTAIN


Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrchidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: ORCHID FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, terrestrial [growing on other pls], non-green (nutrition from association of roots with fungi) or green, generally from rhizomes or tubers with few to many fleshy to slender roots; cauline leaves +- reduced to sheathing stem bracts or not. Leaf: 1--many, basal to cauline, linear to +- round, alternate to opposite (if only 1 pair), generally sessile. Inflorescence: flowers 1--many, spike or raceme, bracted. Flower: bisexual, bilateral, in bud generally rotating 180° by twisting ovary (position of parts indicated after twisting); sepals generally 3, generally free, generally petal-like, uppermost generally erect, lateral with chin- or spur-like projection (mentum) or not; petals 3, 1 (lip) different, spurred or not; stamens generally 1 (3 in Cypripedium, 2 functional, 1 a staminode), fused with style, stigma into column, pollen generally lumped, generally removed as unit by insect; ovary inferior, 1-chambered, placentas 3, parietal, stigma 3 lobed, generally under column tip. Fruit: capsule. Seed: many, minute.
Genera In Family: +- 800 genera, +- 25000 species: especially tropics (worldwide except Antarctica). Many cultivated for ornamental, especially Cattleya, Cymbidium, Epidendrum, Oncidium, Paphiopedilum; Vanilla planifolia Andrews fruits used to flavor food. Note: Platanthera may be paraphyletic without inclusion of Piperia (Bateman et al. 2009 Ann Bot 104:431--445); study needed.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald A. Coleman, Dieter H. Wilken & William F. Jennings, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald A. Coleman, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GoodyeraView Description 


Habit: Rhizomes slender. Stem: +- scapose. Leaf: basal, in rosettes, evergreen, blades tapered to base, white-veined to -mottled or not. Inflorescence: +- 1-sided or flowers spiralled; bracts leaf-like, flower bract +- = flower. Flower: sepals +- equal, upper adherent to lateral petals, forming hood +- enclosing column and lip, lower spreading to reflexed; lip proximally +- pouch-like [concave], distally deeply grooved. Fruit: ascending to erect.
Species In Genus: +- 25 species: especially temperate northern hemisphere, also tropics. Etymology: (John Goodyer, English botanist, 1592--1664)
Reference: Ackerman 1975 Madroño 23:191--198
Goodyera oblongifolia Raf.
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 18--35 cm. Leaf: 4--9 cm, lanceolate to wide-elliptic. Inflorescence: dense; bracts 7--11 mm, generally < flowers. Flower: sepals green-brown, upper 6--11 mm, lower 5--9 mm; corolla white, lip 6--10 mm; column 3--5 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=22,30.
Ecology: Dry to mesic conifer forest, in decomposing leaf litter; Elevation: < 2200 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SN (exc Teh), CW, MP; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, eastern North America, Mexico. Flowering Time: May--Sep
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald A. Coleman, Dieter H. Wilken & William F. Jennings
Reference: Ackerman 1975 Madroño 23:191--198
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Botanical illustration including Goodyera oblongifolia

botanical illustration including Goodyera oblongifolia

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Citation for this treatment: Ronald A. Coleman, Dieter H. Wilken & William F. Jennings 2012, Goodyera oblongifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=27188, accessed on May 22, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on May 22, 2019.

Goodyera oblongifolia
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© 2015 Neal Kramer
Goodyera oblongifolia
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© 2004 George W. Hartwell
Goodyera oblongifolia
click for enlargement
© 2015 Neal Kramer
Goodyera oblongifolia
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© 2008 Steve Matson
Goodyera oblongifolia
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© 2004 George W. Hartwell
Goodyera oblongifolia
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Rice

More photos of Goodyera oblongifolia in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Goodyera oblongifolia:
NW, CaR, SN (exc Teh), CW, MP
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map of distribution 1
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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.