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Githopsis specularioides

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CampanulaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BELLFLOWER FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb [tree]. Leaf: generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers 1; terminal or in axils of leaf-like or reduced bracts. Flower: bisexual, cleistogamous or open, radial or bilateral, inverted (pedicel twisted 180°) or not; hypanthium generally present, +- fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, petals generally fused, tube deeply divided on 1 side or not, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or +- fused (anthers, filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior or 1/2 inferior (superior in fruit), chambers 1--3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2--5-branched. Fruit: generally capsule, open on sides or top by pores or short valves. Seed: many.
Genera In Family: +- 90 genera, +- 2500 species: worldwide. Note: Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia). Subfamilies sometimes treated as families. Positions of flower parts given after flowering inversion, if any. Parishella moved to Nemacladus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Nancy R. Morin, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GithopsisView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BLUECUP
Habit: Annual, glabrous to hairy; roots fibrous. Stem: erect, 2--40 cm, 4-angled, branched or not. Leaf: cauline, widely linear to ovate, serrate, sessile. Inflorescence: flowers terminal, bracts 2--4, linear, lanceolate, oblanceolate, to ovate. Flower: not inverted, pedicelled or not; sepals 0.5--3 × ovary, linear to narrowly triangular; corolla cylindric, funnel-, or bell-shaped, throat white, lobes linear to widely ovate, white to deep purple; ovary inferior, obconic or cylindric, narrowed near middle or not. Fruit: open at top irregularly by tears where style falls off, within persistent sepals. Seed: +- 1 mm, angular-fusiform.
Species In Genus: 4 species: western North America. Etymology: (Greek: Githago -like) Note: Width in length-to-width ratios of corollas (or ovaries) measured at tube (or ovary) tops.

Githopsis specularioides Nutt.
NATIVE
Habit: Plant glabrous to hairy. Stem: erect, 2--40 cm. Leaf: 4--20 mm. Inflorescence: bracts 3--12 mm, lanceolate to oblong, > 5 mm apart. Flower: pedicel rarely 0; sepals 1--3 × ovary; corolla 4.5--14 mm, 2 × longer than wide, funnel-shaped, lobes < to +- = tube, deep blue; filament base narrow, sparsely ciliate; ovary 4--14 mm, obconic, +- 3 × longer than wide, top +- narrowed, base long-tapered, ribs 10, equal, style 2.5--6.5 mm, distal 50% papillate. Chromosomes: n=19,20.
Ecology: Chaparral, oak woodland; Elevation: 60--1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaR, SN, ScV, SnFrB, s SCoRI (San Luis Obispo, Kern cos.), e SCo (San Bernardino Co.); Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: Apr--May
Synonyms: Githopsis calycina Benth.
eFlora Treatment Author: Nancy R. Morin
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Previous taxon: Githopsis pulchella subsp. serpentinicola
Next taxon: Githopsis tenella

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botanical illustration including Githopsis specularioides

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Citation for this treatment: Nancy R. Morin 2016. Githopsis specularioides, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=26999, accessed on February 14, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 14, 2016.


Githopsis specularioides
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Githopsis specularioides
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© 2009 Barry Breckling
Githopsis specularioides
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© 2005 Steve Matson
Githopsis specularioides
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© 2015 Barry Breckling
Githopsis specularioides
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© 2005 Steve Matson
Githopsis specularioides
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© 2008 Keir Morse

More photos of Githopsis specularioides in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Githopsis specularioides:
KR, NCoR, CaR, SN, ScV, SnFrB, s SCoRI (San Luis Obispo, Kern cos.), e SCo (San Bernardino Co.);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.