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    Vascular Plants of California
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Githopsis specularioides

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CampanulaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to perennial herb [tree]. Leaf: generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers 1; terminal or in axils of leaf-like or reduced bracts. Flower: bisexual, cleistogamous or open, radial or bilateral, inverted (pedicel twisted 180°) or not; hypanthium generally present, +- fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, petals generally fused, tube deeply divided on 1 side or not, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or +- fused (anthers, filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior or 1/2 inferior (superior in fruit), chambers 1--3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2--5-branched. Fruit: generally capsule, open on sides or top by pores or short valves. Seed: many.
Genera In Family: +- 90 genera, +- 2500 species: worldwide. Note: Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia). Subfamilies sometimes treated as families. Positions of flower parts given after flowering inversion, if any. Parishella moved to Nemacladus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Nancy R. Morin, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GithopsisView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BLUECUP
Habit: Annual, glabrous to hairy; roots fibrous. Stem: erect, 2--40 cm, 4-angled, branched or not. Leaf: cauline, widely linear to ovate, serrate, sessile. Inflorescence: flowers terminal, bracts 2--4, linear, lanceolate, oblanceolate, to ovate. Flower: not inverted, pedicelled or not; sepals 0.5--3 × ovary, linear to narrowly triangular; corolla cylindric, funnel-, or bell-shaped, throat white, lobes linear to widely ovate, white to deep purple; ovary inferior, obconic or cylindric, narrowed near middle or not. Fruit: open at top irregularly by tears where style falls off, within persistent sepals. Seed: +- 1 mm, angular-fusiform.
Species In Genus: 4 species: western North America. Etymology: (Greek: Githago -like) Note: Width in length-to-width ratios of corollas (or ovaries) measured at tube (or ovary) tops.
Reference: Morin 1983 Syst Bot 8:436--468

Githopsis specularioides Nutt.
Habit: Plant glabrous to hairy. Stem: erect, 2--40 cm. Leaf: 4--20 mm. Inflorescence: bracts 3--12 mm, lanceolate to oblong, > 5 mm apart. Flower: pedicel rarely 0; sepals 1--3 × ovary; corolla 4.5--14 mm, 2 × longer than wide, funnel-shaped, lobes < to +- = tube, deep blue; filament base narrow, sparsely ciliate; ovary 4--14 mm, obconic, +- 3 × longer than wide, top +- narrowed, base long-tapered, ribs 10, equal, style 2.5--6.5 mm, distal 50% papillate. Chromosomes: n=19,20.
Ecology: Chaparral, oak woodland; Elevation: 60--1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoR, CaR, SN, ScV, SnFrB, s SCoRI (San Luis Obispo, Kern cos.), e SCo (San Bernardino Co.); Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: Apr--May
Synonyms: Githopsis calycina Benth.;
eFlora Treatment Author: Nancy R. Morin
Reference: Morin 1983 Syst Bot 8:436--468
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botanical illustration including Githopsis specularioides


Citation for this treatment: Nancy R. Morin 2012, Githopsis specularioides, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 20, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 20, 2018.

Githopsis specularioides
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© 2005 Steve Matson
Githopsis specularioides
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Githopsis specularioides
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© 2016 Steve Matson
Githopsis specularioides
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Githopsis specularioides
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Githopsis specularioides
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© 2009 Barry Breckling

More photos of Githopsis specularioides in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Githopsis specularioides:
KR, NCoR, CaR, SN, ScV, SnFrB, s SCoRI (San Luis Obispo, Kern cos.), e SCo (San Bernardino Co.);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.