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Gilmania luteola

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolygonaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub [tree]. Stem: nodes swollen or not. Leaf: simple, basal or cauline, generally alternate; ocreae present or 0, generally scarious, persistent or not. Inflorescence: flower clusters in axillary to terminal cyme-, panicle-, raceme-, spike-, umbel- or head-like arrangements, entire inflorescence or main inflorescence branches generally subtended by bracts ("inflorescence bracts"); peduncles present or 0; flower clusters in Eriogoneae-Eriogonoideae subtended by involucre of >= 1 free or +- fused, sometimes awn-tipped bracts ("involucre bracts") or, in Polygonoideae and rarely in Eriogonoideae, not (if bracts completely fused, involucre "tubular"); pedicels in Eriogoneae each often subtended by 2 free, transparent, linear bractlets or in Polygonoideae all subtended by 2+ fused, membranous, wide bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, small, 1--200 per node; perianth parts 2--6, generally in 2 whorls, free or basally fused, generally petal-like, often +- concave adaxially, often darker at midvein, often turning +- red or +- brown in age; stamens [1]3 or 6--9 in 2 whorls; ovary superior, 1-chambered, ovule 1, styles 1--3. Fruit: achenes, included in or exserted from perianth, generally 3-angled, ovoid or elliptic, generally glabrous.
Genera In Family: 48 genera, +- 1200 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate; some cultivated for food (Coccoloba, sea-grape; Fagopyrum, Rheum, Rumex) or ornamental (Antigonon, lovechain; Coccoloba; Muehlenbeckia; Persicaria; Polygonum), a few timbered (Coccoloba; Triplaris). Several (Emex; Fallopia; Persicaria; Polygonum; Rumex) are weeds. Note: Treatment of genera in Eriogonoideae based on monographic work of James L. Reveal. Involucre number throughout is number (1--many) per ultimate grouping, at tips of ultimate branches; flower number is per flower cluster or involucre, unless otherwise stated. Fagopyrum esculentum Moench not naturalized, considered an historical waif (or garden weed +- presently), therefore not treated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mihai Costea, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: GilmaniaView Description 


Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Marshall French Gilman, 1871--1944, Death Valley naturalist)
eFlora Treatment Author: James L. Reveal & Thomas J. Rosatti

Gilmania luteola (Coville) Coville
Habit: Annual, decumbent, 0.3--1.2(1.5) dm, 0.3--1.5(2) dm diam, glabrous or sparsely hairy. Leaf: basal and cauline, in whorls of 3; blades 0.5--1.5 cm, 0.3--0.8(1) cm wide, glabrous or sparsely hairy; ocreae 0. Inflorescence: terminal, cyme-like; peduncles 0; involucre 0. Flower: 3--9, 1--2 mm, thinly hairy; perianth yellow, lobes 6, entire; stamens 9. Fruit: brown, obconic, 1.5--2 mm, glabrous; embryo curved.
Ecology: Clay; Elevation: 10--500 m. Bioregional Distribution: DMoj (Death Valley, Inyo Co.). Flowering Time: Feb--May
Synonyms: Eriogonum luteolum (Coville) M.E. Jones, illeg., non Greene; Phyllogonum luteolum Coville
eFlora Treatment Author: James L. Reveal & Thomas J. Rosatti
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Gilmania luteola


Citation for this treatment: James L. Reveal & Thomas J. Rosatti 2016. Gilmania luteola, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 12, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 12, 2016.

Gilmania luteola
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© 1999 California Academy of Sciences
Gilmania luteola
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© 2010 California Academy of Sciences
Gilmania luteola
click for enlargement
© 1998 Larry Blakely
Gilmania luteola
click for enlargement
© 2010 California Academy of Sciences
Gilmania luteola
click for enlargement
© 1998 Larry Blakely
Gilmania luteola
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© 2005 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Gilmania luteola in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Gilmania luteola:
DMoj (Death Valley, Inyo Co.).
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.