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Gilia ophthalmoides
EYED GILIA, YELLOW-EYED GILIA

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolemoniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PHLOX FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1--many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
Genera In Family: 26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). Note: Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GiliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual. Stem: decumbent to erect, glabrous, hairy, glandular, or tufted-woolly-hairy. Leaf: simple, 1--3-pinnate-lobed or -dissected, generally alternate, margins entire, toothed, or lobed, tips acute, acuminate, or mucronate; basal generally in rosette; cauline generally reduced. Inflorescence: flowers 1--many in bract axils. Flower: calyx membranous between lobes, membranes splitting or expanding in fruit; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate, acute or acuminate. Fruit: spheric to ovoid; chambers 3; valves separating from top, to base and detaching or not to base and staying attached to receptacle. Seed: 3--many, yellow to brown, gelatinous when wet.
Species In Genus: +- 40 species: western North America, South America. Etymology: (Filippo L. Gilii, Italian naturalist, 1756--1821) Note: Stamens, styles said to be exserted protrude beyond fused part of corolla, that is, beyond corolla throat. Other taxa in TJM (1993) moved to Aliciella, Lathrocasis, Linanthus, Navarretia, Saltugilia. Gilia mexicana A.D. Grant & V.E. Grant recently found in San Diego Co.
Unabridged Note: Gilia can be challenging to identify. Several small-flowered species are only cryptically different from one another and many traits overlap. In order to successfully use the key, it is important to note pattern and distribution of flower color at the time of collection, as it may fade upon drying. Depauperate specimens may be particularly difficult if not impossible to identify using ordinary means. Descriptions of flowers follows previous authors (Day 1993; Grant & Grant 1956) in subdividing fused part of corolla into tube (basal part with parallel sides) and throat (flared part distal to tube). It is important to note that in some cases these definitions do not refer to homologous parts of the corolla.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Mark Porter

Gilia ophthalmoides Brand
NATIVE
Stem: branches suberect, 15--30 cm, densely tufted-woolly-hairy below middle, glandular above. Leaf: lower in rosette, densely tufted-woolly-hairy, 1--2-pinnate-lobed, axis linear, lobes spreading, generally toothed (or lobed) on both sides. Inflorescence: pedicels unequal, thread-like. Flower: calyx 2.5--4.5 mm, glabrous, lobes acuminate, +- red; corolla 7--12 mm, tube 1.5--2 × calyx, slender, purple, throat >= lobes, narrow, long-tapered, bright yellow, lobes 1--3 mm, pink; stamens, style +- exserted. Fruit: 4--6.5 mm, generally < calyx, ovoid; valves detaching. Seed: 6--12. Chromosomes: 2n=36.
Ecology: Open, rocky soil, generally pinyon/juniper woodland; Elevation: 1100--2600 m. Bioregional Distribution: n SNE, W&I, DMtns; Distribution Outside California: to Colorado, Arizona. Flowering Time: May--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Mark Porter
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Previous taxon: Gilia ochroleuca subsp. vivida
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botanical illustration including Gilia ophthalmoides

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Citation for this treatment: J. Mark Porter 2016. Gilia ophthalmoides, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=26915, accessed on December 11, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on December 11, 2016.


Gilia ophthalmoides
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Gilia ophthalmoides
click for enlargement
© 2010 James M. Andre
Gilia ophthalmoides
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Gilia ophthalmoides
click for enlargement
© 2010 James M. Andre
Gilia ophthalmoides
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson
Gilia ophthalmoides
click for enlargement
© 2010 James M. Andre

More photos of Gilia ophthalmoides in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Gilia ophthalmoides:
n SNE, W&I, DMtns;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.