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Geranium molle

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GeraniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, or +- woody, generally glandular-hairy. Leaf: simple to compound, basal and cauline; cauline alternate or opposite, stipules 2, +- on stem. Inflorescence: cyme or pseudo-umbel or 1--2-flowered. Flower: bisexual [unisexual], radial or +- bilateral; sepals 5, free, overlapping in bud; petals generally 5, free, generally with nectar glands at base; stamens generally 5,10[15]; staminodes scale-like or 0; ovary generally 5-lobed, upper part elongating into beak in fruit, chambers 5, placentas axile, style 1, stigmas 5, free, persistent in fruit. Fruit: septicidal [loculicidal], mericarps 5, dry, generally 1-seeded, each persistent on 1 of 5 linear segments of beak that separate from central column by curving or coiling upward.
Genera In Family: 6 genera, +- 750 species: temperate, +- tropics. Some cultivated for ornamental, perfume oils.
eFlora Treatment Author: Carlos Aedo, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GeraniumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, often +- glandular, especially above. Stem: generally 1--4 mm wide in lower 1/2. Leaf: palmately lobed to divided, +- hairy; segments generally palmately lobed and/or toothed; upper alternate or opposite; blade generally round in outline, base generally cordate. Inflorescence: (1)2-flowered. Flower: radial (+- bilateral); sepals +- awned to mucronate; stamens 10, outer 5 opposite petals (lacking anthers in G. pusillum), inner 5 alternate petals, nectary glands 5, alternate petals. Fruit: mericarp generally ovoid, dehiscent, 1-seeded; basal callus generally present, often with long bristles.
Species In Genus: +- 400 species: temperate, tropical mountains. Etymology: (Greek: crane, from fruit beak)

Geranium molle L.
Habit: Annual. Stem: decumbent to erect, 1--4.5 dm; hairs +- sparse, soft. Leaf: blade 0.9--5.2 cm wide, divided 0.5--0.75 to base, segments 7--9, obtriangular. Flower: pedicel 5--15 mm; sepals 1--6 mm, smooth, mucronate; petals 3--10.5 mm, notched, red-purple. Fruit: mericarp 1.8--2.1 mm, transversely wrinkled, glabrous, basal callus 0; beak 6--11 mm, narrow tip 1--3 mm; stigmas 1--2 mm. Seed: smooth. Chromosomes: 2n=26.
Ecology: Open to shaded sites, disturbed ground; Elevation: < 500 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP; Distribution Outside California: widespread North America; native to Europe, northern Africa, western Asia; alien in South America, southern Africa, Australia, New Zealand. Flowering Time: Feb--Aug
eFlora Treatment Author: Carlos Aedo
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botanical illustration including Geranium molle


Citation for this treatment: Carlos Aedo 2016. Geranium molle, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Geranium molle
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Geranium molle
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© 2009 Barry Breckling
Geranium molle
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Geranium molle
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© 2007 Carol W. Witham
Geranium molle
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© 2012 Neal Kramer
Geranium molle
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© 2002 George W. Hartwell

More photos of Geranium molle in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Geranium molle:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.