Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Gentianopsis simplex
HIKERS' GENTIAN


Higher Taxonomy
Family: GentianaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: GENTIAN FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb [to trees]. Stem: decumbent to erect, < 2 m, simple or branched. Leaf: simple, cauline, sometimes also basal, opposite or whorled, entire, sessile or basal +- petioled; stipules 0. Flower: bisexual, radial, parts in 4s or 5s except pistil 1; sepals fused, persistent; petals fused, +- persistent, sinus between lobes often unappendaged; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, often intruding, stigmas 1--2. Fruit: capsule, 2-valved. Seed: many.
Genera In Family: +- 90 genera, 1800 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Eustoma, Exacum, Gentiana). Note: Gentianella tenella moved to Comastoma. Key to genera revised by Bruce G. Baldwin.
eFlora Treatment Author: James S. Pringle, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GentianopsisView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: FRINGED GENTIAN
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, glabrous. Leaf: basal, cauline, opposite. Inflorescence: flower 1 per stem or branch. Flower: parts in 4s; calyx tube distinct, lobes lanceolate, acuminate; corolla funnel-shaped, blue (white), lobes <= tube, oblong to elliptic-obovate, obtuse or rounded, +- entire to serrate, jagged, or fringed, without fringes or scales on adaxial surface, nectary pits 0 (nectaries on corolla tube near base); ovary stalked, style short or indistinct, persistent, entire, stigmas 2.
Species In Genus: +- 15 species: temperate North America, Eurasia. Etymology: (Greek: resembling Gentiana) Note: Gentianopsis thermalis (Kuntze) H.H. Iltis occurs near California, in Nevada.
Unabridged Note: Efforts should be made to find in California Gentianopsis thermalis (Kuntze) H.H. Iltis [Gentianopsis detonsa (Rottb.) Ma var. elegans (A. Nelson) N.H. Holmgren] (stems 1--several, generally branched; basal leaves generally present at flower; corolla (20)35--75 mm, lobes proximally fringed, distally dentate), which occurs very near the state line in Nevada (Washoe County; Lake Tahoe, creek at Incline, alt. 6200 ft., sandy beach along stream).
Gentianopsis simplex (A. Gray) H.H. Iltis
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb from root-sprouts, stems well separated, 4--40 cm. Stem: erect. Leaf: basal, lower cauline < 20 mm, < 5 mm wide, spoon-shaped, withering early (especially basal), upper cauline several, < 25 mm, < 6(8) mm wide, lance-elliptic, obtuse to acute. Inflorescence: peduncle 1.3--11(14) cm, generally < 2.5(4) × subtending internode, < whole stem. Flower: calyx 9--27 mm; corolla 17--45 mm. Seed: striate-ridged, pointed.
Ecology: Wet meadows; Elevation: 1200--3400 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRH, CaRH, SNH, SnBr; Distribution Outside California: to Oregon, Montana. Flowering Time: Jul--Sep
Synonyms: Gentiana simplex A. Gray
Jepson eFlora Author: James S. Pringle
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Botanical illustration including Gentianopsis simplex

botanical illustration including Gentianopsis simplex

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Citation for this treatment: James S. Pringle 2012, Gentianopsis simplex, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=26681, accessed on July 21, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on July 21, 2019.

Gentianopsis simplex
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© 2017 Keir Morse
Gentianopsis simplex
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© 1996 Gary A. Monroe
Gentianopsis simplex
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© 2007 Thomas Stoughton
Gentianopsis simplex
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© 2013 Barry Rice
Gentianopsis simplex
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© 2003 Steve Matson
Gentianopsis simplex
click for enlargement
© 2003 Steve Matson

More photos of Gentianopsis simplex in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Gentianopsis simplex:
KR, NCoRH, CaRH, SNH, SnBr
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.