Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Garrya fremontii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GarryaceaeView Description 
Habit: Shrub, small tree; dioecious. Leaf: simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade +- leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy. Inflorescence: catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts. Staminate Flower: (1)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered. Pistillate Flower: 1--3 per bract; pedicel +- 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3). Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, turning dark blue, black, or white-gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally 2.
Genera In Family: 1 genus, 14 species: western United States, Central America, Caribbean; some cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GarryaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Etymology: (N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson's Bay Co., explorer of Pacific Northwest with David Douglas, 1782--1856) Note: Intergradation among California species raises doubt about taxonomic status.
Garrya fremontii Torr.
Habit: Shrub < 3 m. Leaf: 21--120 mm, 11--70 mm wide, 1.3--2.4 × longer than wide, generally flat, ovate- to obovate-elliptic; margin flat; abaxial hairs 0 (or sparse on young leaves), straight to +- wavy, appressed toward leaf tip. Fruit: hairs 0 or near tip sparse.
Ecology: Chaparral, foothill woodland, montane forest; Elevation: 300--2300 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, n&s SNF, n&c SNH, ScV, SnFrB, PR, Wrn; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, western Nevada. Flowering Time: Jan--Apr
Jepson eFlora Author: Thomas F. Daniel
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Citation for this treatment: Thomas F. Daniel 2012, Garrya fremontii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 22, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 22, 2019.

Garrya fremontii
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© 2015 Neal Kramer
Garrya fremontii
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© 2015 Neal Kramer
Garrya fremontii
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© 2015 Neal Kramer
Garrya fremontii
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Garrya fremontii
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© 2010 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Garrya fremontii
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse

More photos of Garrya fremontii in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Garrya fremontii:
NW, CaR, n&s SNF, n&c SNH, ScV, SnFrB, PR, Wrn;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.