Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Garrya fremontii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GarryaceaeView Description 

Habit: Shrub, small tree; dioecious. Leaf: simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade +- leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy. Inflorescence: catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts. Staminate Flower: (1)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered. Pistillate Flower: 1--3 per bract; pedicel +- 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3). Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, turning dark blue, black, or white-gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally 2.
Genera In Family: 1 genus, 14 species: western United States, Central America, Caribbean; some cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GarryaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Etymology: (N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson's Bay Co., explorer of Pacific Northwest with David Douglas, 1782--1856) Note: Intergradation among California species raises doubt about taxonomic status.

Garrya fremontii Torr.
Habit: Shrub < 3 m. Leaf: 21--120 mm, 11--70 mm wide, 1.3--2.4 × longer than wide, generally flat, ovate- to obovate-elliptic; margin flat; abaxial hairs 0 (or sparse on young leaves), straight to +- wavy, appressed toward leaf tip. Fruit: hairs 0 or near tip sparse.
Ecology: Chaparral, foothill woodland, montane forest; Elevation: 300--2300 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, n&s SNF, n&c SNH, ScV, SnFrB, PR, Wrn; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, western Nevada. Flowering Time: Jan--Apr
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel
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Citation for this treatment: Thomas F. Daniel 2016. Garrya fremontii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Garrya fremontii
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© 2011 Barry Breckling
Garrya fremontii
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© 2015 Neal Kramer
Garrya fremontii
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© 2010 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Garrya fremontii
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© 2015 Neal Kramer
Garrya fremontii
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Garrya fremontii
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© 2015 Neal Kramer

More photos of Garrya fremontii in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Garrya fremontii:
NW, CaR, n&s SNF, n&c SNH, ScV, SnFrB, PR, Wrn;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.