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Garrya congdonii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GarryaceaeView Description 

Common Name: SILK TASSEL FAMILY
Habit: Shrub, small tree; dioecious. Leaf: simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade +- leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy. Inflorescence: catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts. Staminate Flower: (1)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered. Pistillate Flower: 1--3 per bract; pedicel +- 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3). Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, turning dark blue, black, or white-gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally 2.
Genera In Family: 1 genus, 14 species: western United States, Central America, Caribbean; some cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GarryaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SILK TASSEL BUSH

Etymology: (N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson's Bay Co., explorer of Pacific Northwest with David Douglas, 1782--1856) Note: Intergradation among California species raises doubt about taxonomic status.

Garrya congdonii Eastw.
NATIVE
Habit: Shrub < 3 m. Leaf: 15--70 mm, 7--35 mm wide, 1.3--2.6 × longer than wide, flat to +- concave-convex, ovate- to obovate-elliptic; margin flat to strongly wavy; abaxial hairs dense, fine, wavy, appressed toward leaf tip. Fruit: hairs dense.
Ecology: Chaparral; Elevation: 180--750 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaRH, n&c SNF, SnFrB. Flowering Time: Feb--Apr Note: Seems to intergrade equally with Garrya elliptica, Garrya flavescens.
Synonyms: Garrya flavescens S. Watson subsp. congdonii (Eastw.) Dahling
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel
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Previous taxon: Garrya buxifolia
Next taxon: Garrya elliptica

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botanical illustration including Garrya congdonii

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Citation for this treatment: Thomas F. Daniel 2016. Garrya congdonii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=26463, accessed on May 28, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 28, 2016.


Garrya congdonii
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Garrya congdonii
click for enlargement
© 2010 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Garrya congdonii
click for enlargement
© 2010 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Garrya congdonii
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Garrya congdonii
click for enlargement
© 2010 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Garrya congdonii
click for enlargement
© 2010 Julie Kierstead Nelson

More photos of Garrya congdonii in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Garrya congdonii:
NW, CaRH, n&c SNF, SnFrB.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.