Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Garrya flavescens

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GarryaceaeView Description 

Habit: Shrub, small tree; dioecious. Leaf: simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade +- leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy. Inflorescence: catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts. Staminate Flower: (1)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered. Pistillate Flower: 1--3 per bract; pedicel +- 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3). Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, turning dark blue, black, or white-gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally 2.
Genera In Family: 1 genus, 14 species: western United States, Central America, Caribbean; some cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GarryaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Etymology: (N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson's Bay Co., explorer of Pacific Northwest with David Douglas, 1782--1856) Note: Intergradation among California species raises doubt about taxonomic status.

Garrya flavescens S. Watson
Habit: Shrub < 3 m. Leaf: 19--75 mm, 9--45 mm wide, 1.3--3.3 × longer than wide, flat to +- concave-convex, elliptic to obovate-elliptic; margin flat to wavy; abaxial hairs sparse to +- dense, +- coarse, straight to +- curved, appressed toward leaf tip. Fruit: hairs generally dense.
Ecology: Desert slopes, chaparral, pine/oak woodland; Elevation: 650--2350 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, SN, SnJV, CW, SW, DMoj; Distribution Outside California: to Utah, Arizona, northern Baja California. Flowering Time: Feb--Apr Note: Variation in hairiness not related to geography in California.
Synonyms: Garrya flavescens var. pallida (Eastw.) Ewan
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel
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botanical illustration including Garrya flavescens


Citation for this treatment: Thomas F. Daniel 2016. Garrya flavescens, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Garrya flavescens
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© 2009 Neal Kramer
Garrya flavescens
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© 2009 Neal Kramer
Garrya flavescens
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© 2009 Neal Kramer
Garrya flavescens
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© 2004 James M. Andre
Garrya flavescens
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© 2009 Barry Breckling
Garrya flavescens
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© 2011 Barry Breckling

More photos of Garrya flavescens in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Garrya flavescens:
NW, SN, SnJV, CW, SW, DMoj;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.