Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Garrya elliptica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GarryaceaeView Description 
Habit: Shrub, small tree; dioecious. Leaf: simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade +- leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy. Inflorescence: catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts. Staminate Flower: (1)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered. Pistillate Flower: 1--3 per bract; pedicel +- 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3). Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, turning dark blue, black, or white-gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally 2.
Genera In Family: 1 genus, 14 species: western United States, Central America, Caribbean; some cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GarryaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Etymology: (N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson's Bay Co., explorer of Pacific Northwest with David Douglas, 1782--1856) Note: Intergradation among California species raises doubt about taxonomic status.
Garrya elliptica Lindl.
Habit: Shrub, small tree, < 8 m. Leaf: 18--107 mm, 14--72 mm wide, 1.2--2.6 × longer than wide, flat to +- concave-convex, elliptic; margin +- to strongly wavy, often rolled under, appearing crenate or dentate; abaxial hairs dense, curly-wavy, interwoven, sparse in age or not. Inflorescence: in fruit 18--28 mm wide. Pistillate Flower: (1)3 per bract. Fruit: hairs dense. Chromosomes: 2n=22.
Ecology: Seacliffs, sand dunes, chaparral, foothill-pine woodland; Elevation: < 800 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, KR, NCoRO, n SNF, CW (exc SCoRI); Distribution Outside California: western Oregon. Flowering Time: Jan--Mar
Jepson eFlora Author: Thomas F. Daniel
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Botanical illustration including Garrya elliptica

botanical illustration including Garrya elliptica


Citation for this treatment: Thomas F. Daniel 2012, Garrya elliptica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on March 26, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on March 26, 2019.

Garrya elliptica
click for enlargement
© 2009 Aaron Schusteff
Garrya elliptica
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© 2014 Neal Kramer
Garrya elliptica
click for enlargement
© 2009 California Academy of Sciences
Garrya elliptica
click for enlargement
© 2009 Aaron Schusteff
Garrya elliptica
click for enlargement
© 2009 California Academy of Sciences
Garrya elliptica
click for enlargement
© 2009 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Garrya elliptica in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Garrya elliptica:
NCo, KR, NCoRO, n SNF, CW (exc SCoRI);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.