Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Garrya buxifolia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GarryaceaeView Description 

Habit: Shrub, small tree; dioecious. Leaf: simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade +- leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy. Inflorescence: catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts. Staminate Flower: (1)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered. Pistillate Flower: 1--3 per bract; pedicel +- 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3). Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, turning dark blue, black, or white-gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally 2.
Genera In Family: 1 genus, 14 species: western United States, Central America, Caribbean; some cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GarryaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Etymology: (N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson's Bay Co., explorer of Pacific Northwest with David Douglas, 1782--1856) Note: Intergradation among California species raises doubt about taxonomic status.

Garrya buxifolia A. Gray
Habit: Shrub < 3 m. Leaf: 14--66 mm, 9--33 mm wide, 1.3--2.3 × longer than wide, flat to +- concave-convex, ovate- to obovate-elliptic; margin flat; abaxial hairs generally dense, +- coarse, straight to +- curved, appressed toward leaf tip. Fruit: glabrous or near tip sparsely hairy.
Ecology: Chaparral to yellow-pine forest; Elevation: 150--2100 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW; Distribution Outside California: western Oregon. Flowering Time: Feb--Apr
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel
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botanical illustration including Garrya buxifolia


Citation for this treatment: Thomas F. Daniel 2017. Garrya buxifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 28, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 28, 2017.

Garrya buxifolia
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Garrya buxifolia
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Garrya buxifolia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Garrya buxifolia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse

More photos of Garrya buxifolia in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Garrya buxifolia:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.